Identification of Nurses' Competencies in Primary Health Care Through a Delphi Study in Southern Brazil
Article first published online: 11 JUL 2008
© 2008, The Authors. Journal Compiliation © 2008, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Public Health Nursing
Volume 25, Issue 4, pages 336–343, July/August 2008
How to Cite
Witt, R. R. and Almeida, M. C. P. d. (2008), Identification of Nurses' Competencies in Primary Health Care Through a Delphi Study in Southern Brazil. Public Health Nursing, 25: 336–343. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2008.00714.x
- Issue published online: 11 JUL 2008
- Article first published online: 11 JUL 2008
- community health nursing;
- primary health care;
- public health nursing;
- public health nursing competencies
ABSTRACT Objective: This investigation aimed to identify and analyze the general and specific competencies of nurses in the primary health care practice of Brazil.
Design: The Delphi Technique was used as the method of study.
Sample: 2 groups of participants were selected: One contained primary health care nurses (n=52) and the other specialists (n=57), including public health nurses and public or community health faculty.
Measurements: 3 questionnaires were developed for the study. The first asked participants to indicate general and specific competencies, which were compiled into a list for each group. A Likert scale of 1–5 was added to these 2 lists in the second and third questionnaires. A consensus criterion of 75% for score 4 or 5 was adopted.
Results: In the nurses' group, 17 general and 8 specific competencies reached the consensus criterion; 19 general and 9 specific competencies reached the criterion in the specialists' group. These competencies were classified into 10 domains: professional values, communication, teamwork, management, community-oriented, health promotion, problem solving, health care, and education and basic public health sciences.
Conclusions: These competencies reflect Brazilian health policy and constitute a reference for health professional practice and education.