Self-Reported Pain and Utilization of Pain Treatment Between Minorities and Nonminorities in the United States
Version of Record online: 1 JUL 2009
© 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Public Health Nursing
Volume 26, Issue 4, pages 307–316, July/August 2009
How to Cite
Meghani, S. H. and Cho, E. (2009), Self-Reported Pain and Utilization of Pain Treatment Between Minorities and Nonminorities in the United States. Public Health Nursing, 26: 307–316. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2009.00785.x
- Issue online: 1 JUL 2009
- Version of Record online: 1 JUL 2009
- population survey;
- the United States
ABSTRACT Objectives: To investigate differences in reported pain and pain treatment utilization (use of over-the-counter and prescription pain medications, seeing a pain specialist, and use of complementary and alternative medicine) among minorities and nonminorities in the general population.
Design: Secondary analysis of a national probability survey conducted by the CBS News/New York Times in January 2003.
Sample: Adult population in the United States, 18 years or older, having a telephone line at home.
Measurements: The survey asked respondents a series of questions about demographics, pain characteristics, and utilization of pain treatment; logistic regression was used to identify variables predicting reported utilization of pain treatment.
Results: Of the 902 respondents completing the survey, 676 (75%) reported experiencing “any type of pain.” Of these, 17% reported being diagnosed with chronic pain. Minorities reported a higher average daily pain than Whites (4.75 vs. 3.72; p<.001). However, race/ethnicity did not explain utilization of pain treatment; income, education, age, gender, and pain levels explained more variability in different pain treatment utilization variables than race/ethnicity.
Conclusions: Although minorities report higher pain levels than Whites, race/ethnicity does not explain utilization of treatment for pain. Future studies should consider more nuanced examination of interactions among race/ethnicity, pain, and socioeconomic variables.