Populations at Risk Across the Lifespan: Program Evaluations
Retracted:Effects of Exercise Program on Physical Fitness, Depression, and Self-Efficacy of Low-Income Elderly Women in South Korea
Article first published online: 22 OCT 2009
© 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Public Health Nursing
Volume 26, Issue 6, pages 523–531, November/December 2009
How to Cite
Shin, K. R., Kang, Y., Park, H. J. and Heitkemper, M. (2009), Retracted:Effects of Exercise Program on Physical Fitness, Depression, and Self-Efficacy of Low-Income Elderly Women in South Korea. Public Health Nursing, 26: 523–531. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2009.00812.x
- Issue published online: 22 OCT 2009
- Article first published online: 22 OCT 2009
Vol. 30, Issue 1, 90, Article first published online: 16 NOV 2012
- elderly women;
- physical fitness;
ABSTRACT Objective: This study aimed to examine the effects of exercise programs on physical fitness, depression, and self-efficacy in low-income elderly women (age≥75).
Design and Sample: A pretest-posttest experimental research design with a control group was used. The sample consisted of 26 women in the exercise group and 22 women in the wait-list control group in Seoul, Korea.
Measures: The measures of physical fitness included body mass index, cardiopulmonary endurance (blood pressure and heart rate), muscle strength (hand grip strength), flexibility (degree of bending of the upper body), and balance (duration of time for which the subject could stand on one foot). Depression and self-efficacy were measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale and a modified form of Lee's scale, respectively. All measures were obtained twice: at baseline and at the completion of the exercise program.
Intervention: The exercise program consisted of 4 weeks of education along with 8 weeks of physical exercise.
Results: After the intervention, significant improvements were found in depression, self-efficacy, and all measures of physical fitness, except heart rate and flexibility, in the experimental group.
Conclusion: The exercise program may be recommended as a method to maintain and promote the health of low-income elderly women.