Condom Use and Stages of Change Among College Students in Taiwan
Article first published online: 6 OCT 2010
© 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Public Health Nursing
Volume 27, Issue 6, pages 474–481, November/December 2010
How to Cite
Tung, W.-C., Lu, M. and Cook, D. M. (2010), Condom Use and Stages of Change Among College Students in Taiwan. Public Health Nursing, 27: 474–481. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2010.00890.x
- Issue published online: 18 NOV 2010
- Article first published online: 6 OCT 2010
- college student;
- condom use;
- public health nursing;
ABSTRACT Objectives: To explore the correlates for nonuse of condoms and the factors that affect stages of change for regular condom use among college students in Taiwan.
Design and Sample: Cross-sectional, quantitative survey design. A total of 996 college students were recruited from two universities in Northern Taiwan.
Measures: Questionnaires collected data on demographic information, condom use, HIV/AIDS knowledge, confidence in using condoms in different situations, and perceived benefits and barriers to using condoms.
Results: The common reasons for not using condoms were trust in the partner (21.30%), partner dislike for condoms (19.49%), and perception of low risk (18.77%). Most sexually active students (52.4%) were in the earliest 2 stages of readiness to change (i.e., precontemplation, contemplation). Participants in action/maintenance were (a) 43.4% less likely to show a high knowledge score, (b) 4.08 times more likely to present high self-efficacy, and (c) 2.24 times more likely to be more religious than those in contemplation/preparation.
Conclusions: Among a highly literate group, college students, condom use is inconsistent and readiness to change is not imminent. This study reveals that preventive steps targeted at young adults should address other concerns related to condom use such as trust in partners and the alleged appeal of unprotected sex.