Landlord Attitudes and Behaviors Regarding Smoke-Free Policies: Implications for Voluntary Policy Change
Article first published online: 25 OCT 2010
© 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Public Health Nursing
Volume 28, Issue 1, pages 3–12, January/February 2011
How to Cite
Cramer, M. E., Roberts, S. and Stevens, E. (2011), Landlord Attitudes and Behaviors Regarding Smoke-Free Policies: Implications for Voluntary Policy Change. Public Health Nursing, 28: 3–12. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2010.00904.x
- Issue published online: 29 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 25 OCT 2010
- hazardous exposures;
- health policy;
- health promotion;
ABSTRACT Objective: Objective: The study purpose was to describe multiunit landlord attitudes and behaviors toward smoke-free policies.
Design and Sample: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional survey of multiunit landlords in Douglas County (N=392). Measures: A 25-item survey was developed and pilot tested. It was administered by telephone (n=143) and mail (n=249) to multiunit landlords.
Results: Combined response rate was 30.1% (81/143 telephone, 37/249 mail) representing 24,080 units on 974 properties with 34,399 tenants. Most respondents (73.7%) allowed smoking. Reasons for not implementing smoke-free policies were potential enforcement problems (57.0%), tenant objections (43.0%), loss of market share (39.5%). Respondents without smoke-free policies expected vacancy (53.6%) and turnover (50.0%) rates to increase, which was significantly different (p <.0001) than respondents with smoke-free policies where only 10.7% reported increased vacancy and only 3.7% reported increased turnover.
Conclusions: Expected adverse impacts of smoke-free policies do not reflect real experiences of smoke-free policy implementation. Public health advocates can use these study findings to develop community-based education and social marketing messages directed at voluntary smoke-free policy changes. Respondents without smoke-free policies expressed interest at the end of the survey in learning how to implement smoke-free policies indicating a readiness for change.