Sociodemographic Correlates of Behavioral Problems Among Rural Chinese Schoolchildren
Article first published online: 26 JAN 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Public Health Nursing
Volume 28, Issue 4, pages 297–307, July/August 2011
How to Cite
Feng, H., Liu, J., Wang, Y. and He, G. (2011), Sociodemographic Correlates of Behavioral Problems Among Rural Chinese Schoolchildren. Public Health Nursing, 28: 297–307. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2010.00925.x
- Issue published online: 8 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 26 JAN 2011
- influential factors;
- problem behavior;
- rural area
ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the problem behaviors of children from grades 4–6 and associated factors in the rural Hunan province of China.
Design and Sample: Randomized cluster sampling in 3 rural areas of the Hunan province was used. 435 subjects were randomly selected from grades 4–6.
Measures: A researcher-designed questionnaire was used to find influential demographic, parental, and socioeconomic factors. The prediction test of problem children (PPCT) was used to assess problem behaviors.
Results: The prevalence of the early child problem behaviors in our sample was 17.44%. Associated factors include gender, willingness to attend school, parents' expectations of the children's educational degree, parents working outside the home (left-behind children), and children's feeling of their parents' understanding of them.
Conclusions: The prevalence of children with problem behaviors was higher in rural areas in Hunan than in China as a whole. This may be partly explained by the fact that parents must often work in the cities and leave their children behind at home, increasing the chances that those children develop behavioral problems. This phenomenon also applies in other developing countries, making it a public health concern. Therefore, there is a need to prevent problem behaviors through collaboration among families, schools, and society.