Public Health Nursing: An Autonomous Career for World War II Nurse Veterans
Article first published online: 11 APR 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Public Health Nursing
Volume 28, Issue 4, pages 379–386, July/August 2011
How to Cite
Barnum, N. C. (2011), Public Health Nursing: An Autonomous Career for World War II Nurse Veterans. Public Health Nursing, 28: 379–386. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2011.00949.x
- Issue published online: 8 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 11 APR 2011
- G.I. Bill;
- nurse veteran;
- nursing education;
- nursing history;
- public health nursing
ABSTRACT The 1944 G.I. Bill increased accessibility of higher education to male veterans. Less is known about how its availability affected opportunities for female veterans. The purpose of this study was to examine nurse veterans' use of the G. I. Bill at one large public university. Primary sources included archival documents of one large public university as well as articles published in professional nursing and medical journals of the 1940s and 1950s. Secondary sources addressing nursing and nursing education history, and the history of the G. I. Bill provided further context. Historical research methodology was conducted. Findings demonstrate that nurse veterans desired more independence in practice following the war. Archival documents of one large public university show that nurse veterans used G. I. Bill funds to seek degrees in public health nursing. The specialty of public health provided increased independence and autonomy of practice not experienced in hospital based care. G.I. Bill educational funds provided these nurse veterans the means to attain degrees in public health nursing, providing them the opportunity for more autonomous practice.