Special Features: Health Policy
Smoke-Free Policy and Alcohol Use Among Undergraduate College Students
Article first published online: 20 DEC 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Public Health Nursing
Volume 29, Issue 3, pages 256–265, May/June 2012
How to Cite
Butler, K. M., Rayens, M. K., Hahn, E. J., Adkins, S. M. and Staten, R. R. (2012), Smoke-Free Policy and Alcohol Use Among Undergraduate College Students. Public Health Nursing, 29: 256–265. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2011.01000.x
- Issue published online: 19 APR 2012
- Article first published online: 20 DEC 2011
- National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
- National Institutes of Health (NIH)
- NIH Roadmap for Medical Research
- college students;
- smoke-free policy;
The purpose of this study was to assess attitudes and behaviors related to smoke-free policy among undergraduate student alcohol drinkers on a campus in a community with smoke-free bars.
Design and Sample
This was a secondary data analysis of a study in which participants completed mailed surveys assessing demographic characteristics, attitudes and behaviors related to alcohol and tobacco use and smoke-free policy (n = 337). Opinion and behavior items were summarized descriptively; associations were examined using Kruskal Wallis tests and chi-square tests of association. Logistic regression tested for predictors of importance of smoke-free policy.
Respondents were predominantly female and Caucasian; mean age 20.3 years. One fourth were current smokers. Seventy-nine percent said the community smoke-free law had no effect on frequency of visiting bars. Eighty-seven percent said smoke-free policy in campus buildings was “somewhat” or “very important.” Predictors of perceived importance of smoke-free policy included gender and smoking status.
Most smokers in this sample did not experience a change in their motivation to quit smoking or in number of cigarettes smoked daily. Implementation of a community smoke-free law did not reduce the likelihood of visiting bars. Women and nonsmokers were more likely to rate smoke-free campus policy as very important.