Heavy and Light/Moderate Smoking Among Building Trades Construction Workers

Authors

  • Dal Lae Chin R.N., Ph.D.,

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Community Health Systems, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California
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  • OiSaeng Hong R.N., Ph.D., F.A.A.N.,

    1. Department of Community Health Systems, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California
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  • Marion Gillen R.N., M.P.H., Ph.D.,

    1. Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California
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  • Michael N. Bates M.P.H., Ph.D.,

    1. Divisions of Epidemiology and Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California
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  • Cassandra A. Okechukwu M.S.N., Sc.D.

    1. Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts
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Correspondence to:

Dal Lae Chin, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 2 Koret Way, N531H, San Francisco, CA 94143-0608. E-mail: dal.chin@ucsf.edu

Abstract

Objective

The purpose of the study was to identify the correlates of heavy smoking (defined as more than one pack of cigarettes per day) in building trades construction workers.

Design and Sample

This study used cross-sectional data from the MassBUILT smoking cessation intervention study at Massachusetts building trades unions with the sample of 763 smokers.

Measures

Data collected included information about smoking behavior, individual, psychological, interpersonal, and occupational factors obtained through self-reported questionnaires.

Results

Approximately 21% of smokers were heavy smokers. Significant factors related to heavy smoking were: older age (OR = 1.10; 95% CI: 1.06–1.14), male gender (OR = 4.55; 95% CI: 1.62–12.79), smoking the first cigarette of the day within 30 min of waking (OR = 4.62; 95% CI: 2.81–7.59), smoking initiation at earlier age (OR = 0.93; 95% CI: 0.87–1.00), higher temptation to smoke (OR = 1.55; 95% CI: 1.17–2.05), household smoking (OR = 1.90; 95% CI: 1.18–3.06) or living alone (OR = 4.11; 95% CI: 1.70–9.92), and exposure to chemicals at work (OR = 1.61; 95% CI: 1.06–2.53).

Conclusion

Addressing the influence of these factors on heavy smoking could lead to the development of targeted, multiple components in comprehensive cessation strategies for blue-collar smokers.

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