Special Features: Methods
The Maternal Self-efficacy Scale for Preventing Early Childhood Diarrhea: Validity and Reliability
Article first published online: 7 SEP 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Public Health Nursing
Volume 30, Issue 2, pages 150–158, March/April 2013
How to Cite
Joventino, E. S., Ximenes, L. B., Almeida, P. C. and Oria, M. O. B. (2013), The Maternal Self-efficacy Scale for Preventing Early Childhood Diarrhea: Validity and Reliability. Public Health Nursing, 30: 150–158. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2012.01042.x
- Issue published online: 4 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 7 SEP 2012
- psychometric scale;
This study aimed to develop and validate a psychometric scale for preventing early childhood diarrhea in endemic areas.
Design and Sample
Before applying to the field, the scale was subjected to content validity by a panel of experts and piloting. The final version was applied to 448 mothers of children 0- to 5-year-olds, living in Fortaleza, northeast Brazil. Structured interviews were conducted to identify diarrheal episodes in the study children.
Significant negative correlations were found between higher maternal self-efficacy scores and previous childhood diarrhea (p = .001). In addition, positive correlations were found with maternal age (p = .018). The frequency of children (6–36 months old) with diarrhea was significantly lower when scale scores were higher (p = .015). The predictive validity revealed that high levels of maternal self-efficacy were a protective factor against childhood diarrhea. Cronbachs alpha was .84.
The scale was found reliable. Cultural adjustments may be needed to extrapolate the scale to other endemic areas worldwide.