A Nutrition Education Intervention for Anthropometric and Biochemical Profiles of Rural Older Malays with Metabolic Syndrome

Authors

  • Suzana Shahar Ph.D.,

    Professor, Corresponding author
    • Dietetics Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Health Care Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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  • Siti Nur'Asyura Adznam Ph.D.,

    1. Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia
    2. Institute of Gerontology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia
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  • Lai Kuan Lee Ph.D.,

    1. Nutrition Science Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Health Care Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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  • Noor Aini Mohd Yusof Ph.D.,

    1. Faculty of Therapeutic Sciences, Masterskill University College of Health Sciences, Cheras, Malaysia
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  • Mohmad Salleh M.D.,

    1. Family Health Development Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia
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  • Noor Ibrahim Mohamed Sakian M.D.

    1. Biomedical Science Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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Correspondence to:

Suzana Shahar, Dietetics Program, School of Health Care Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, Kuala Lumpur 50300, Malaysia. E-mail: suzanas@medic.ukm.my

Abstract

Objective

This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of a nutrition education intervention package in improving anthropometric, clinical and biochemical indicators of rural older Malays with metabolic syndrome (MS).

Design and Sample

In this study, 47 older Malays diagnosed with MS were assigned to either the intervention group (n = 24) or the control group (n = 23) based on their geographical site.

Intervention

The intervention group received nutrition education via group counselling sessions, talks, and cooking and exercise demonstrations using a specifically developed healthy aging package for 6 months.

Measures

The efficacy of the nutrition education intervention on anthropometric and biochemical parameters was assessed.

Results

Women in the nutrition education group showed a significant reduction in waist circumference (p < .01) compared to the control group. Men who received the nutrition education intervention maintained their total cholesterol (TC) level (p < .05) compared to the control group.

Conclusions

The nutrition education intervention showed potential for improving TC levels in men and waist circumference in women with MS. Similar intervention studies could be initiated among the older adults in the community as a preventive measure.

Ancillary