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Abstract: Five infants under 1 year of age were reported with a syndrome of recurrent crops of pruritic papulopustules of the scalp. In three children there were also intermittent outbreaks on the trunk and extremities. Cultures showed the pustules to be sterile. Biopsies of scalp and skin tissues showed eosinophilic folliculitis. Some patients had eosinophilia during outbreaks of pustules. These cases are similar to the eosinophilic pustular folliculitis reported in a few adult patients with the exception that there was predominant scalp involvement in the children. We propose that eosinophilic pustular folliculitis of infancy is a distinct pustular dermatosis.