Tanning and Skin Cancer
Article first published online: 23 NOV 2005
Volume 22, Issue 6, pages 501–512, November 2005
How to Cite
Abdulla, F. R., Feldman, S. R., Williford, P. M., Krowchuk, D. and Kaur, M. (2005), Tanning and Skin Cancer. Pediatric Dermatology, 22: 501–512. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1470.2005.00129.x
- Issue published online: 23 NOV 2005
- Article first published online: 23 NOV 2005
Abstract: Skin cancer is a large and growing problem in the United States. Sun and other ultraviolet (UV) light exposures play a key role in the development of skin cancer. Pediatricians can play an important role in counseling patients and are in a position to help educate children and their families about skin cancer. The purpose of this review is to familiarize pediatricians with the magnitude of the skin cancer problem and the evidence that ultraviolet light exposure, particularly indoor tanning, contributes to this problem. We reviewed the literature on ultraviolet light and skin cancer (based on a MEDLINE search of articles using the headings “ultraviolet light” and “skin cancer”) and found that skin cancer is the most rapidly growing cause of cancer deaths in the United State. There is strong epidemiologic evidence for the relationship between UV exposure and nonmelanoma skin cancer and growing evidence for the relationship between indoor tanning and melanoma. We recommend that pediatricians counsel children and their parents about UV protection. Measures such as use of sunscreen and hats for outdoor play, both at home and in school, should be encouraged.