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Patch Testing with Egg Represents a Useful Integration to Diagnosis of Egg Allergy in Children with Atopic Dermatitis

Authors


Address correspondence to Stefania Seidenari, M.D., Department of Dermatology, Via del Pozzo 71, 41100 Modena, Italy, or e-mail: seidenari.stefania@unimo.it.

Abstract

Abstract:  Our aim was to investigate atopy patch and skin prick test reactions to egg in 85 children with atopic dermatitis, and to evaluate their relevance by performing repeated open challenges with egg. Thirty-one percent of our patients showed an eczematous response to the challenge. Positive reactions to atopy patch and skin prick tests were recorded in 37% and 19%, respectively. Atopy patch test sensitivity proved significantly higher than that of skin prick test (79.6% vs. 46.2%), whereas specificity was lower (81.4% vs. 93.2%). Our data suggest that combined skin prick and patch testing improves screening for egg allergy in affected children, identifying 92% of those who were challenge positive among our patients.

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