Nail Changes in Childhood Psoriasis: A Study from Kuwait

Authors


Address correspondence to Dr. Nawaf Al-Mutairi, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Farwaniya Hospital, Farwaniya, Kuwait, PO Box 280, Farwaniya 80000, Kuwait, or e-mail: nalmut@usa.net

Abstract

Abstract:  Psoriasis is a widespread skin disorder in which nail involvement can be seen in up to two-thirds of those affected. Childhood psoriasis is a distinct entity and the literature focused on nail changes associated with childhood psoriasis is scant. Our objectives were to evaluate the frequency of nail involvement in childhood psoriatic patients, assess the types of nail changes in childhood psoriasis, and compare our clinical findings with the few reports available in the literature. Two hundred and one consecutive new patients with childhood (age ≤ 16 years) psoriasis of both sexes were selected for the study of nail changes. The diagnosis of psoriasis was made on clinical grounds. Each patient underwent a thorough dermatologic examination with special attention paid to the nail changes. If a clinical suspicion of fungal infection of the nails existed, further mycologic investigations were performed. We found the prevalence of nail changes to be 37.81% (boys > girls) in children who had psoriasis. Nail pitting was found to be the most common manifestation (61.84%) followed by onycholysis (30.26%), subungual hyperkeratosis (13.16%), and discoloration of the nail plate (7.90%). Nail involvement had no relationship to the type of psoriasis, patient's sex, or duration or extent of disease.

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