Nail-Patella Syndrome with an Emphasis on the Risk of Renal and Ocular Findings

Authors


Address correspondence to Dr. Sandeep Kamath, M.B.B.S., Dip. DVL (India), M.R.C.P. (UK), Staff Grade Dermatologist, Princess of Wales Hospital, Coity Road, Bridgend CF31 1RQ, UK, e-mail: sandeep.kamath@bromor-tr.wales.nhs.uk.

Abstract

Abstract:  We describe a 6-year-old girl presenting with nail dysplasia affecting all nails and hands for 2 years. Changes were seen on the ulnar side of the nails. She was assessed for limitation of elbow movements at 3 weeks of age and underwent physiotherapy for thickened biceps tendon. She subsequently developed laxity of knees and ankles, and x-ray revealed absent patellae at 32 weeks. She had behavioral abnormalities and sleep disturbances. X-ray of the pelvis revealed iliac horns, and urinalysis showed 3+ proteinuria. She had mixed hyperlipidemia. Her chromosomal analysis was normal but showed a mutation in the LMX1B gene. She was diagnosed to have Nail-patella syndrome or Hereditary osteo-onychodysplasia (HOOD Syndrome). Her renal imaging was normal, as were her ocular pressures. She is under regular surveillance by a multi-disciplinary team of genetic counselors, orthopedists, rheumatologists and ophthalmologists. She is currently prescribed enalapril, melatonin and simvastatin.

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