Severe Cutaneous Zygomycosis due to Basidiobolus Ranarum in a Young Infant


Address correspondence to Vibhu Mendiratta, M.D., Department of Dermatology, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Marg, New Delhi 110001, India, or e-mail:


Abstract:  Basidiobolomycosis classically presents as a noninflammatory, nonulcerated, nontender woody indurated mass without much contiguous spread. It is almost always seen in an immunocompetent host younger than 20. We report a case of a 9-month-old baby with a rapidly expanding malignant presentation of basidiobolomycosis with nonhealing ulcers and spread to underlying muscles, mimicking lymphoma. She responded poorly to itraconazole alone but showed dramatic improvement with a combination therapy of itraconazole and potassium iodide. The case also highlights an early acquisition of the infection at 1 month of age.