Get access

Prospective Study of Erythema Toxicum Neonatorum: Epidemiology and Predisposing Factors

Authors

  • Benigno Monteagudo M.D.,

    1. Department of Dermatology, Hospital Arquitecto Marcide, Área Sanitaria de Ferrol, Consellería de Sanidade e Servicio Galego de Saúde, Ferrol, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Javier Labandeira M.D., Ph.D.,

    1. Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, Consellería de Sanidade e Servicio Galego de Saúde, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Miguel Cabanillas M.D.,

    1. Department of Dermatology, Hospital Arquitecto Marcide, Área Sanitaria de Ferrol, Consellería de Sanidade e Servicio Galego de Saúde, Ferrol, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Antonio Acevedo M.D.,

    1. Department of Continuing Medical Education, Hospital Arquitecto Marcide, Área Sanitaria de Ferrol, Consellería de Sanidade e Servicio Galego de Saúde, Ferrol, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Jaime Toribio M.D., Ph.D.

    1. Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, Consellería de Sanidade e Servicio Galego de Saúde, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author

Address correspondence to Benigno Monteagudo Sánchez, M.D., Hospital Arquitecto Marcide, Avenida da Residencia s/n, Ferrol, 15405 A Coruña, Spain, or e-mail: benims@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Abstract:  We performed a prospective study of 1,000 neonates investigated in the first 72 hours of life in the health area of Ferrol (northwest of Spain) to assess the prevalence of erythema toxicum neonatorum, the anatomical sites most frequently involved, the influence of different maternal and neonatal parameters, day of life of medical examination, and type of delivery (vaginal or Cesarean). Overall prevalence of erythema toxicum neonatorum was 16.7%. Lesions most frequently involved the trunk, buttocks, and proximal areas of limbs. A higher prevalence of this dermatosis was found in Caucasian newborns (p = 0.01) and those with higher birthweight (p < 0.05), greater gestational age (p < 0.05), vaginal delivery (p < 0.05), maternal age of <30 years (p = 0.28), and fewer than two previous pregnancies (p = 0.12).

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary