Febrile Ulceronecrotic Mucha-Habermann Disease with Central Nervous System Vasculitis


Address correspondence to Andrew J. White, M.D., Division of Rheumatology, Campus Box 8116, 660 S. Euclid Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63110, or e-mail: white@kids.wustl.edu.


Abstract:  Febrile ulceronecrotic Mucha-Habermann disease (FUMHD) is a severe variant of pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA). We report a case of FUMHD in an 11-year-old boy who subsequently developed neurologic symptoms and was found to have necrotizing vasculitis on brain biopsy. Over 5 years of follow-up, he had one biopsy-proven recurrence of his skin lesions and continued rehabilitation and treatment for residual neurologic complications. This case provides histological evidence of central nervous system vasculitis associated with FUMHD. Our patient’s disease was eventually controlled with cyclophosphamide.