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Should Idiopathic Facial Aseptic Granuloma Be Considered Granulomatous Rosacea? Report of Three Pediatric Cases

Authors


Address correspondence to Annalisa Patrizi, M.D., Clinica Dermatologica, Via Massarenti 1, 40138 Bologna, Italy or e-mail: annalisa.patrizi@unibo.it.

Abstract

Abstract:  Idiopathic facial aseptic granuloma (IFAG), or pyodermite froide du visage, is a skin disease reported only in children and characterized by painless red nodules usually located on the cheeks. Its etiology is still unclear, but some authors considered the possibility that IFAG might be included in the spectrum of granulomatous rosacea (GR). The histopathological features of IFAG and GR are quite similar, showing perifolliculitis, granulomas, folliculitis, and lymphocytes and plasmacells around epithelioid histiocytes. In the present article, we discuss three cases in which an association between a facial nodule, compatible with both IFAG and GR, and recurrent chalazia make us support the hypothesis that IFAG should be considered as GR.

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