• 1
    Melville A. Job satisfaction in general practice: implications for prescribing. Soc Sci Med. 1980;14A: 4959.
  • 2
    DiMatteo MR, Sherbourne CD, Hays RD, et al. Physicians' characteristics influence patients' adherence to medical treatment: results from the Medical Outcomes Study. Health Psychol. 1993;12: 93102.
  • 3
    Linn LS, Yager J, Cope D, Leake B. Health status, job satisfaction, job stress, and life satisfaction among academic and clinical faculty. JAMA. 1985;254: 277582.
  • 4
    Haas JS, Cook EF, Puopolo AL, Burstin HR, Cleary PD, Brennan TA. Is the professional satisfaction of general internists associated with patient satisfaction? J Gen Intern Med. 2000;15: 1228.DOI: 10.1046/j.1525-1497.2000.02219.x
  • 5
    Comarow A. America's top HMOs. Behind the HMO rankings. Our second set of ratings covers 223 plans in 46 states. US News and World Report. October 13, 1997: 68.
  • 6
    Buchbinder SB, Wilson M, Melick CF, Powe NR. Estimates of costs of primary care physician turnover. Am J Manag Care. 1999;5: 14318.
  • 7
    Baker LC & Cantor JC. Physician satisfaction under managed care. Health Aff. 1993;12: 25870.
  • 8
    Kerr EA, Hays RD, Mittman BS, Siu AL, Leake BL, Brook RH. Primary care physicians' satisfaction with quality of care in California capitated medical groups. JAMA. 1997;278: 30812.
  • 9
    Hadley J & Mitchell JM. Effects of HMO market penetration on physicians' work effort and satisfaction. Health Aff. 1997;16: 99111.
  • 10
    Grumbach K, Osmond D, Vranizan K, Jaffe D, Bindman AB. Primary care physicians' experience of financial incentives in managed-care systems. N Engl J Med. 1998;339: 151621.
  • 11
    Schulz R, Scheckler WE, Moberg DP, Johnson PR. Changing nature of physician satisfaction with health maintenance organization and fee-for-service practices. J Fam Pract. 1997;45: 32130.
  • 12
    Warren MG, Weitz R, Kulis S. Physician satisfaction in a changing health care environment: the impact of challenges to professional autonomy, authority, and dominance. J Health Soc Behav. 1998;39: 35667.
  • 13
    Linzer M, Konrad TR, Douglas J, et al. Managed care, time pressure, and physician job satisfaction: results from the physician worklife study. J Gen Intern Med. 2000;15: 44150.DOI: 10.1046/j.1525-1497.2000.05239.x
  • 14
    Warren MG, Weitz R, Kulis S. The impact of managed care on physicians. Health Care Manage Rev. 1999;24: 4456.
  • 15
    Hadley J, Mitchell JM, Sulmasy DP, Bloche MG. Perceived financial incentives, HMO market penetration, and physicians' practice styles and satisfaction. Health Serv Res. 1999;34: 30721.
  • 16
    Donelan K, Blendon RJ, Lundberg GD, et al. The new medical marketplace: physicians' views. Health Aff. 1997;16: 13948.
  • 17
    Bates AS, Harris LE, Tierney WM, Wolinsky FD. Dimensions and correlates of physician work satisfaction in a midwestern city. Med Care. 1998;36: 6107.
  • 18
    Lewis JM, Barnhart FD, Howard BL, Carson DI, Nace EP. Work satisfaction in the lives of physicians. Tex Med. 1993;89: 5461.
  • 19
    Schulz R, Girard C, Scheckler WE. Physician satisfaction in a managed care environment. J Fam Pract. 1992;34: 298304.
  • 20
    Chuck JM, Nesbitt TS, Kwan J, Kam SM. Is being a doctor still fun? West J Med. 1993;159: 6659.
  • 21
    Ludmerer KM. Instilling professionalism in medical education. JAMA. 1999;282: 8812.
  • 22
    Freidson E. Profession of Medicine: A Study of the Sociology of Applied Knowledge. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press; 1988.
  • 23
    Swick HM, Szenas P, Danoff D, Whitcomb ME. Teaching professionalism in undergraduate medical education. JAMA. 1999;282: 8302.
  • 24
    Halvorsen JG. Professionalism reconsidered. Priorities for physicians. Arch Fam Med. 1999;8: 1736.
  • 25
    Barry D, Cyran E, Anderson RJ. Common issues in medical professionalism: room to grow. Am J Med. 2000;108: 13642.
  • 26
    Wynia MK, Latham SR, Kao AC, Berg JW, Emanuel LL. Medical professionalism in society. N Engl J Med. 1999;341: 16126.
  • 27
    Reynolds PP. Reaffirming professionalism through the education community. Ann Intern Med. 1994;120: 60914.
  • 28
    Konrad TR, Williams ES, Linzer M, et al. Measuring physician job satisfaction in a changing workplace and a challenging environment. SGIM Career Satisfaction Study Group. Society of General Internal Medicine. Med Care. 1999;37: 117482.
  • 29
    Williams ES, Konrad TR, Linzer M, et al. Refining the measurement of physician job satisfaction: results from the Physician Worklife Survey. SGIM Career Satisfaction Study Group. Society of General Internal Medicine. Med Care. 1999;37: 114054.
  • 30
    Kemper P, Blumenthal D, Corrigan JM, et al. The design of the Community Tracking Study: a longitudinal study of health system change and its effects on people. Inquiry. 1996;33: 195206.
  • 31
    Metcalf CE, Kemper P, Kohn LT, Pickreign JD. Site Definition and Sample Design for the Community Tracking Study. Washington, DC: Center for Studying Health System Change; 1996. (Technical Publication No. 1.)
  • 32
    Keil L, Chattopadhyay M, Potter F, Reed MC. Community Tracking Study Physician Survey Round 1 Survey Methodology Report. Washington, DC: Center for Studying Health System Change; 1998. (Technical Publication No. 9.)
  • 33
    Reschovsky JD, Edson D, Sewall A, et al. Community Tracking Study Physician Survey Public Use File: Users' Guide (Round One, Release 1). Washington, DC: Center for Studying Health System Change; 1998. (Technical Publication No. 10.)
  • 34
    Cunningham PJ, Grossman JM, St Peter RF, Lesser CS. Managed care and physicians' provision of charity care. JAMA. 1999;281: 108792.
  • 35
    Hosmer DW & Lemeshow S. Applied Logistic Regression. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1989.
  • 36
    Zhang J & Yu KF. What's the relative risk? A method of correcting the odds ratio in cohort studies of common outcomes. JAMA. 1998;280: 16901.
  • 37
    Hilzenrath D. HMO to Leave Care Decisions Up to Doctors. Washington Post. November 9, 1999: A1.
  • 38
    Freudenheim M. Big HMO to Give Decisions on Care Back to Doctors. New York Times. November 9, 1999.
  • 39
    Jacobson PD & Pomfret SD. ERISA litigation and physician autonomy. JAMA. 2000;283: 9216.