SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    United States General Accounting Office. Alzheimer's Disease: Estimates of Prevalence in the United States. Washington, D.C.: United States General Accounting Office; 1998.
  • 2
    Brookmeyer R, Gray S, Kawas C. Projections of Alzheimer's disease in the United States and the public health impact of delaying disease onset. Am J Public Health. 1998;88: 133742.
  • 3
    Ernst RL & Hay JW. Economic research on Alzheimer disease: a review of the literature. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 1997;11(suppl 6):13545.
  • 4
    Weinberger M, Gold DT, Divine GW, et al. Expenditures in caring for patients with dementia who live at home. Am J Public Health. 1993;83: 33841.
  • 5
    Rice DP, Fox PJ, Max W, et al. The economic burden of Alzheimer's disease care. Health Affil (Millwood). 1993;12: 16476.
  • 6
    Hu T, Huang L, Cartwright W. Evaluation of the costs of caring for the senile demented elderly: a pilot study. Gerontologist. 1986;26: 15863.
  • 7
    Manton K, Corder L, Clark R. Estimates and projections of dementia-related service expenditures. In: MantonK, SingerB, SuzmanR, eds. Forecasting the Health of Elderly Populations. New York: Springer-Verlag; 1993: 20738.
  • 8
    Ernst RL & Hay JW. The US economic and social costs of Alzheimer's disease revisited. Am J Public Health. 1994;84: 12614.
  • 9
    Ostbye T & Crosse E. Net economic costs of dementia in Canada. Can Med Assoc J. 1994;151: 145764.
  • 10
    Stommel M, Collins CE, Given BA. The costs of family contributions to the care of persons with dementia. Gerontologist. 1994;34: 199205.
  • 11
    Max W, Webber P, Fox P. Alzheimer's disease: the unpaid burden of caring. J Aging Health. 1995;7: 17999.
  • 12
    Leon J, Cheng C-K, Neumann PJ. Alzheimer's disease care: costs and potential savings. Health Aff. 1998;17: 20616.
  • 13
    Hux M, O'Brien B, Iskedjian M, Goeree R, Gagnon M, Gauthier S. Relation between severity of Alzheimer's disease and costs of caring. Can Med Assoc J. 1998;159: 45765.
  • 14
    Knapp MJ, Knopman DS, Solomon PR, Pendlebury WW, Davis CS, Gracon SI. A 30-week randomized controlled trial of high-dose tacrine in patients with Alzheimer's disease. JAMA. 1994;271: 98591.
  • 15
    Rogers SL, Farlow MR, Doody RS, Mohs R, Friedhoff LT. The Donepezil Study Group. A 24-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of donepezil in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Neurology. 1998;50: 13645.
  • 16
    American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Fourth Ed. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association; 1994.
  • 17
    Stone R, Cafferata GL, Sangl J. Caregivers of the frail elderly: a national profile. Gerontologist. 1987;27: 61626.
  • 18
    Kemper P. The use of formal and informal home care by the disabled elderly. Health Serv Res. 1992;27: 42151.
  • 19
    Wolf DA, Freedman V, Soldo BJ. The division of family labor: care for elderly parents. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1997;52: 1029.
  • 20
    Boaz RF & Hu J. Determining the amount of help used by disabled elderly persons at home: the role of coping resources. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1997;52: 31724.
  • 21
    Gold MR, Siegel JE, Russell LB, Weinstein MC. Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine. New York: Oxford University Press; 1996.
  • 22
    Kirschstein R. Disease-specific estimates of direct and indirect costs of illness and NIH support. Washington, D.C.: National Institutes of Health; 2000. Available at: http://www1.od.nih.gov/osp/ospp/ecostudies/COIreportweb.htm
  • 23
    Van Dijk PT, Meulenberg OG, Van De Sande HJ, Habbema JD. Falls in dementia patients. Gerontologist. 1993;33: 2004.
  • 24
    Asada T, Kariya T, Kinoshita T, et al. Predictors of fall-related injuries among community-dwelling elderly people with dementia. Age Aging. 1996;25: 228.
  • 25
    Soldo BJ, Hurd MD, Rodgers WL, Wallace RB. Asset and health dynamics among the oldest old: an overview of the AHEAD Study. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1997;52: 120.
  • 26
    Norgard TM & Rodgers WL. Patterns of in-home care among elderly black and white Americans. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1997;52: 93101.
  • 27
    Raghunathan TE, Lepkowski JM, Van Hoewyk J, Solenberger P. A Multivariate Technique for Multiply Imputing Missing Values Using a Sequence of Regression Models. Ann Arbor, Mich: Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research; 1998.
  • 28
    Penrod JD, Kane RL, Finch MD, Kane RA. Effects of post-hospital medicare home health and informal care on patient functional status. Health Serv Res. 1998;33: 51329.
  • 29
    Folstein MF, Folstein SE, McHugh PR. “Mini-mental state”. A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. J Psychiatr Res. 1975;12: 18998.
  • 30
    Brandt J, Spencer M, Folstein M. The telephone interview for cognitive status. Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol. 1988;1: 1117.
  • 31
    Welsh KA, Breitner JCS, Magruder-Habib KM. Detection of dementia in the elderly using telephone screening of cognitive status. Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol. 1993;6: 10310.
  • 32
    Plassman BL, Newman T, Welsh K, Breitner J. Properties of the telephone interview for cognitive status. Application in epidemiological and longitudinal studies. Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol. 1994;7: 23541.
  • 33
    Herzog AR & Wallace RB. Measures of cognitive functioning in the AHEAD Study. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1997;52: 3748.
  • 34
    Duan N, Manning WG, Morris CN, Newhouse JP. A comparison of alternative models for the demand for medical care. J Bus Econ Statistics. 1983;1: 11526.
  • 35
    Manning WG. The logged dependent variable, heteroscedasticity, and the retransformation problem. J Health Econ. 1998;17: 28395.DOI: 10.1016/s0167-6296(98)00025-3
  • 36
    Bureau of Labor Statistics. 1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates. March 2000. Available at: http://www.bls.gov/oesnl/oes66011.htm.
  • 37
    Reference Manual STATA. Release 6.0. College Station, Tex: STATA Press; 1999.
  • 38
    Ross GW, Abbott RD, Petrovitch H, et al. Frequency and characteristics of silent dementia among elderly Japanese-American men: the Honolulu-Asia Aging Study. JAMA. 1997;277: 8005.
  • 39
    Tschanz JT, Welsh-Bohmer KA, Skoog I, et al. Dementia diagnoses from clinical and neuropsychological data compared. The Cache County Study. Neurology. 2000;54: 12906.
  • 40
    Scherr PA, Albert MS, Funkenstein HH, et al. Correlates of cognitive function in an elderly community population. Am J Epidemiol. 1988;128: 1084101.
  • 41
    Fillenbaum G, Heyman A, Williams K, Prosnitz B, Burchett B. Sensitivity and specificity of standardized screens of cognitive impairment and dementia among elderly black and white community residents. J Clin Epidemiol. 1990;43: 65160.
  • 42
    Teresi J, Bolden R, Cross P, Gurland B, Kleinman M, Wilder D. Item bias in cognitive screening measures: comparisons of elderly white, Afro-American, Hispanic and high and low education subgroups. J Clin Epidemiol. 1995;48: 47383.
  • 43
    Mace NL & Rabins PV. The 36-Hour Day. Baltimore, Md: The Johns Hopkins University Press; 1991.
  • 44
    Katz S, Kabeto M, Langa K. Gender disparities in the receipt of home care for elderly people with disability in the United States. JAMA. 2000;284: 30227.
  • 45
    Levit K, Cowan C, Lazenby H, et al. Health spending in 1998: signals of change. Health Aff. 2000;19: 12432.
  • 46
    National Alliance for Caregiving. Family Caregiving in the U.S.: Findings from a National Survey. Washington, D.C: National Alliance for Caregiving; 1997.
  • 47
    Schulz R, O'Brien AT, Fleissner K. Psychiatric and physical morbidity effects of dementia caregiving: prevalence, correlates, and causes. Gerontologist. 1995;35: 77191.
  • 48
    Schulz R & Beach SR. Caregiving as a risk factor for mortality: the caregiver health effects study. JAMA. 1999;262: 22159.
  • 49
    Hoffman C, Rice D, Sung HY. Persons with chronic conditions: their prevalence and costs. JAMA. 1996;276: 14739.
  • 50
    Anderson GF & Hussey PS. Population aging: a comparison among industrialized countries. Health Aff. 2000;19: 191203.
  • 51
    Arno PS, Levine C, Memmott MM. The economic value of informal caregiving. Health Aff. 1999;18: 1828.
  • 52
    Merlis M. Caring for the frail elderly: an international review. Health Aff. 2000;19: 1419.
  • 53
    Administration on Aging. Family caregiving. Available at: http://www.aoa.gov/may2001/factsheets/family-caregiving.html.