• 1
    Eisenberg DM, Davis RB, Ettner SL, et al. Trends in alternative medicine use in the United States, 1990–97: results of a follow-up national survey. JAMA. 1998;280: 156975.
  • 2
    Wootton JC, Sparber A. Surveys of complementary and alternative medicine: part I. General trends and demographic groups. J Altern Complement Med. 2001;7: 195208.
  • 3
    Kiecolt-Glaser JK, Mcguire L, Robles TF, Glaser R. Psychoneuroimmunology and psychosomatic medicine: back to the future. Psychosom Med. 2002;64: 1528.
  • 4
    Stefano GB, Fricchione GL, Slingsby BT, Benson H. The placebo effect and relaxation response: neural processes and their coupling to constitutive nitric oxide. Brain Res Rev. 2001;35: 119.
  • 5
    Sobel DS. Mind matters, money matters: the cost-effectiveness of mind-body medicine. JAMA. 2000;284: 1705.
  • 6
    Sobel DS. The cost-effectiveness of mind-body medicine interventions. Prog Brain Res. 2000;122: 393412.
  • 7
    Friedman R, Sobel D, Myers P, Caudill M, Benson H. Behavioral medicine, clinical health psychology, and cost offset. Health Psychol. 1995;14: 50918.
  • 8
    NIH Consensus Statement: Integration of Behavioral and Relaxation Approaches into the Treatment of Chronic Pain and Insomnia. Available at: Accessed 5/8/02.
  • 9
    National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NIH). Available at: Accessed 4/28/02.
  • 10
    Astin JA, Shapiro SL, Eisenberg DM, Forys KL. Mind-body medicine: state of the science, implications for practice. J Am Board Fam Pract. 2003;16: 13147.
  • 11
    Corbin Winslow L, Shapiro H. Physicians want education about complementary and alternative medicine to enhance communication with their patients. Arch Intern Med. 2002;162: 117681.
  • 12
    Miller JJ, Fletcher K, Kabat-Zinn J. Three-year follow-up and clinical implications of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1995;17: 192200.
  • 13
    Lang EV, Benotsch EG, Fick LJ, et al. Adjunctive non-pharmacological analgesia for invasive medical procedures: a randomized trial. Lancet. 2000;355: 148690.
  • 14
    Domar AD, Seibel MM, Benson H. The mind/body program for infertility: a new behavioral treatment approach for women with infertility. Fertil Steril. 1990;53: 2469.
  • 15
    Smyth JM, Stone AA, Hurewitz A, Kaell A. Effects of writing about stressful experiences on symptom reduction in patients with asthma or rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 1999;281: 13049.
  • 16
    Blendon RJ, Desroches CM, Benson JM, Brodie M, Altman DE. Americans’ views on the use and regulation of dietary supplements. Arch Intern Med. 2001;161: 80510.
  • 17
    Eisenberg DM. Advising patients who seek alternative medical therapies. Ann Intern Med. 1997;127: 619.
  • 18
    Valli G, Giardina EG. Benefits, adverse effects and drug interactions of herbal therapies with cardiovascular effects. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002;39: 108395.
  • 19
    Ernst E. The risk-benefit profile of commonly used herbal therapies: Ginkgo, St. John's Wort, Ginseng, Echinacea, Saw Palmetto, and Kava. Ann Intern Med. 2002;136: 4253.
  • 20
    Ernst E. Harmless herbs? A review of the recent literature. Am J Med. 1998;104: 1708.
  • 21
    Lewis JD, Strom BL. Balancing safety of dietary supplements with the free market. Ann Intern Med. 2002;136: 6168.
  • 22
    Kava R, Meister KA, Whelan EM, Lukachko AM, Mirabile C. Dietary supplement safety information in magazines popular among older readers. J Health Commun. 2002;7: 1323.
  • 23
    USFDA Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition Dietary Supplements. Available at: Accessed 5/10/02.
  • 24
    Piscitelli SC, Burstein AH, Chaitt D, Alfaro RM, Falloon J. Indinavir concentrations and St. John's wort. Lancet. 2000;355: 5478.
  • 25
    Davidoff F. Weighing the alternatives: lessons from the paradoxes of alternative medicine. Ann Intern Med. 1998;129: 106870.
  • 26
    Shine KI. A critique on complementary and alternative medicine. J Altern Complement Med. 2001;7(suppl):S145S52.
  • 27
    Mccaffrey A, Eisenberg DM, Davis RB, Phillips RS. Use of prayer and distant healing: results of a national survey. Abstract Presentation. Society of General Internal Medicine Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Ga, May 3, 2002.