SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Kirsch I, Jungeblut A, Jenkins L, Kolstad A. Adult Literacy in America: A First Look at the Results of the National Adult Literacy Survey. Washington, DC: National Center for Education. U.S. Department of Education; 1993.
  • 2
    Williams MV, Parker RM, Baker DW, et al. Inadequate functional health literacy among patients at two public hospitals. JAMA. 1995;274: 167782.
  • 3
    Gazmararian JA, Baker DW, Williams MV, et al. Health literacy among Medicare enrollees in a managed care organization. JAMA. 1999;281: 54551.
  • 4
    Baker DW, Parker RM, Williams MV, et al. The health care experience of patients with low literacy. Arch Fam Med. 1996;5: 32934.
  • 5
    Weiss BD, Blanchard JS, McGee DL, et al. Illiteracy among Medicaid recipients and its relationship to health care costs. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 1994;5: 99111.
  • 6
    Baker DW, Parker RM, Williams MV, Clark WS, Nurss J. The relationship of patient reading ability to self-reported health and use of health services. Am J Public Health. 1997;87: 102730.
  • 7
    Baker DW, Parker RM, Williams MV, Clark WS. Health literacy and the risk of hospital admission. J Gen Intern Med. 1998;13: 7918.
  • 8
    Baker DW, Gazmararian JA, Williams MV, et al. Functional health literacy and the risk of hospitalization among Medicare managed care enrollees. Am J Public Health. 2002;92:1278–83.
  • 9
    Aday LA, Anderson R. Development of Indices of Access to Medical Care. Ann Arbor, Mich: Health Administration Press; 1975.
  • 10
    Access to Health Care in America. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1993.
  • 11
    Access to Health Care: Key Indicators for Policy. Princeton, NJ: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; 1993.
  • 12
    Mayfield D, McLeod G, Hall P. The CAGE questionnaire: validation of a new alcoholism screening instrument. Am J Psychiatry. 1974;131: 11213.
  • 13
    Sheikh JI, Yesavage JA. Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS): recent evidence and development of a shorter version. Clin Gerontol. 1986;5: 16572.
  • 14
    Ware JE Jr, Kosinski M, Keller SD. SF-12: How to Score the SF-12 Physical and Mental Health Summary Scales. Boston, Mass: The Health Institute; 1995.
  • 15
    Folstein MF, Folstein SE, McHugh PR. ‘Mini-mental State.’ A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. J Psychiatr Res. 1975;12: 18998.
  • 16
    Baker DW, Williams MV, Parker RM, Gazmararian JA, Nurss J. Development of a brief test to measure functional health literacy. Patient Educ Couns. 1999;38: 3342.
  • 17
    Taylor W. Cloze procedure: a new tool for measuring readability. Jism Q. 1953;30: 41533.
  • 18
    Parker RM, Baker DW, Williams MV, Nurss JR. The Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (TOFHLA): a new instrument for measuring patient's literacy skills. J Gen Intern Med. 1995;10: 53742.
  • 19
    Davis TC, Long SW, Jackson RH, et al. Rapid estimate of adult literacy in medicine: a shortened screening instrument. Fam Med. 1993;25: 3915.
  • 20
    Baker DW, Shapiro MF, Schur CL, Freeman HE. A revised measure of symptom-specific health care use. Soc Sci Med. 1998;47: 16019.
  • 21
    Aday LA, Lee ES, Spears B, Chung CW, Youssef A, Bloom B. Health insurance and utilization of medical care for children with special health care needs. Med Care. 1993;31: 101326.
  • 22
    American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine. No Health Insurance? It's Enough to Make You Sick. Philadelphia, Pa: American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine; 2000.
  • 23
    Baker DW, Shapiro MF, Schur CL. Health insurance and access to care for symptomatic conditions. Arch Intern Med. 2000;160: 126974.
  • 24
    Freeman HE, Corey CR. Insurance status and access to health services among poor persons. Health Serv Res. 1993;28: 53141.
  • 25
    Williams MV, Baker DW, Honig EG, Lee ML, Nowlan A. Inadequate literacy is a barrier to asthma knowledge and self-care. Chest. 1998;114: 100815.
  • 26
    Williams MV, Baker DW, Parker RM, Nurss JR. Relationship of functional health literacy to patients’ knowledge of their chronic disease. A study of patients with hypertension and diabetes. Arch Intern Med. 1998;158: 16672.
  • 27
    Gazmararian JA, Williams MV, Peel J, Baker DW. Health literacy and knowledge of chronic disease. Patient Educ Couns. In press.
  • 28
    Lindau ST, Tomori C, McCarville MA, Bennett CL. Improving rates of cervical cancer screening and Pap smear follow-up for low-income women with limited health literacy. Cancer Invest. 2001;19: 31623.
  • 29
    Selby JV, Fireman BH, Swain BE. Effect of a copayment on use of the emergency department in a health maintenance organization. N Engl J Med. 1996;334: 63541.
  • 30
    Lowe RA, Abbuhl SB. Appropriate standards for ‘appropriateness’ research. Ann Emerg Med. 2001;37: 62932.