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Keywords:

  • patient-centered care;
  • physician-patient relations;
  • knowledge;
  • attitudes;
  • practice;
  • comparative study;
  • patient satisfaction

OBJECTIVE:  To investigate patient preferences for a patient-centered or a biomedical communication style.

DESIGN:  Randomized study.

SETTING:  Urgent care and ambulatory medicine clinics in an academic medical center.

PARTICIPANTS:  We recruited 250 English-speaking adult patients, excluding patients whose medical illnesses prevented evaluation of the study intervention.

INTERVENTION:  Participants watched one of three videotaped scenarios of simulated patient-physician discussions of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Each participant watched two versions of the scenario (biomedical vs. patient-centered communication style) and completed written and oral questionnaires to assess outcome measurements.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:  Main outcome measures were 1) preferences for a patient-centered versus a biomedical communication style; and 2) predictors of communication style preference. Participants who preferred the patient-centered style (69%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 63 to 75) tended to be younger (82%[51/62] for age < 30; 68%[100/148] for ages 30–59; 55%[21/38] for age > 59; P < .03), more educated (76%[54/71] for postcollege education; 73%[94/128] for some college; 49%[23/47] for high school only; P= .003), use CAM (75%[140/188] vs. 55%[33/60] for nonusers; P= .006), and have a patient-centered physician (88%[74/84] vs. 30%[16/54] for those with a biomedical physician; P < .0001). On multivariate analysis, factors independently associated with preferring the patient-centered style included younger age, use of herbal CAM, having a patient-centered physician, and rating a “doctor's interest in you as a person” as “very important.”

CONCLUSIONS:  Given that a significant proportion of patients prefer a biomedical communication style, practicing physicians and medical educators should strive for flexible approaches to physician-patient communication.