• 1
    Aron DC, Headrick LA. Educating physicians prepared to improve care and safety is no accident: it requires a systematic approach. Qual Safety Health Care. 2002;11: 16873.
  • 2
    Leach DC. Evaluation of competency: an ACGME perspective. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2000;79: 4879.
  • 3
    ACGME Outcomes Project. General competencies. Available at: Accessed March 5, 2003.
  • 4
    Swing SR. Assessing the ACGME general competencies: general considerations and assessment methods. Acad Emer Med. 2002;9: 127888.
  • 5
    Institute of Medicine. To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1999.
  • 6
    Ziegelstein RC, Fiebach NH. “The Mirror” and “The Village”: a new method for teaching practice-based learning and improvement and systems-based practice. Acad Med. 2004;79: 838.
  • 7
    Weingart SN, Callanan LD, Ship AN, Aronson MD. A physician-based voluntary reporting system for adverse events and medical errors. J Gen Intern Med. 2001;16: 80914.
  • 8
    Plews-Ogan ML, Nadkarni MM, Forren S, et al. Patient safety in the ambulatory setting: a clinician-based approach. J Gen Intern Med. 2004;19: 71925.
  • 9
    Gosbee JW. A patient safety curriculum for residents and students: the VA healthcare systems pilot project. ACGME Bull. 2002;26.
  • 10
    Leape LL, Lawthers AG, Brennan TA, Johnson WG. Preventing medical injury. Qual Rev Bull. 1993;19: 1449.
  • 11
    Mallon WJ. Ernest Amory Codman: The End Result of a Life in Medicine. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Company; 2000: 4769.
  • 12
    Splaine ME, Aron DC, Dittus RS, et al. A curriculum for training quality scholars to improve the health and health care of veterans and the community at large. Qual Manage Health Care. 2002;10: 108.
  • 13
    Landis JR, Koch GG. The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. Biometrics. 1977;33: 15974.
  • 14
    Pierluissi E, Fischer MA, Campbell AR, Landefeld CS. Discussion of medical errors in morbidity and mortality conferences. JAMA. 2003;290: 283842.