This study was presented as an abstract at the 27th Annual Meeting of the Society of General Internal Medicine, Chicago, IL, May 12–15, 2004.
What Can Hospitalized Patients Tell Us About Adverse Events? Learning from Patient-Reported Incidents
Article first published online: 19 JUL 2005
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Volume 20, Issue 9, pages 830–836, September 2005
How to Cite
Weingart, S. N., Pagovich, O., Sands, D. Z., Li, J. M., Aronson, M. D., Davis, R. B., Bates, D. W. and Phillips, R. S. (2005), What Can Hospitalized Patients Tell Us About Adverse Events? Learning from Patient-Reported Incidents. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 20: 830–836. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1497.2005.0180.x
- Issue published online: 19 AUG 2005
- Article first published online: 19 JUL 2005
- Received for publication April 8, 2005 and in revised form April 11, 2005 Accepted for publication April 11, 2005
- medical error;
- adverse event;
- patient participation;
- incident reporting
Purpose: Little is known about how well hospitalized patients can identify errors or injuries in their care. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to elicit incident reports from hospital inpatients in order to identify and characterize adverse events and near-miss errors.
Subjects: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 228 adult inpatients on a medicine unit of a Boston teaching hospital.
Methods: Investigators reviewed medical records and interviewed patients during the hospitalization and by telephone 10 days after discharge about “problems,”“mistakes,” and “injuries” that occurred. Physician investigators classified patients' reports. We calculated event rates and used multivariable Poisson regression models to examine the factors associated with patient-reported events.
Results: Of 264 eligible patients, 228 (86%) agreed to participate and completed 528 interviews. Seventeen patients (8%) experienced 20 adverse events; 1 was serious. Eight patients (4%) experienced 13 near misses; 5 were serious or life threatening. Eleven (55%) of 20 adverse events and 4 (31%) of 13 near misses were documented in the medical record, but none were found in the hospital incident reporting system. Patients with 3 or more drug allergies were more likely to report errors compared with patients without drug allergies (incidence rate ratio 4.7, 95% CI 1.7, 13.4).
Conclusion: Inpatients can identify adverse events affecting their care. Many patient-identified events are not captured by the hospital incident reporting system or recorded in the medical record. Engaging hospitalized patients as partners in identifying medical errors and injuries is a potentially promising approach for enhancing patient safety.