SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Lee IM, Rexrode KM, Cook NR, Manson JE, Buring JE. Physical activity and coronary heart disease in women: is “no pain, no gain” passe? JAMA. 2001;285: 144754.
  • 2
    Sesso HD, Paffenbarger RS Jr, Lee IM. Physical activity and coronary heart disease in men: the Harvard Alumni Health Study. Circulation. 2000;102: 97580.
  • 3
    Michaud DS, Giovannucci E, Willett WC, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Fuchs CS. Physical activity, obesity, height, and the risk of pancreatic cancer. JAMA. 2001;286: 9219.
  • 4
    Dunn AL, Marcus BH, Kampert JB, Garcia ME, Kohl HW III, Blair SN. Comparison of lifestyle and structured interventions to increase physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness: a randomized trial. JAMA. 1999;281: 327.
  • 5
    Andersen RE, Wadden TA, Bartlett SJ, Zemel B, Verde TJ, Franckowiak SC. Effects of lifestyle activity vs structured aerobic exercise in obese women: a randomized trial. JAMA. 1999;281: 33540.
  • 6
    From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Physical activity trends—United States, 1990–1998. JAMA. 2001;285: 1835.
  • 7
    Crespo CJ, Smit E, Andersen RE, Carter-Pokras O, Ainsworth BE. Race/ethnicity, social class and their relation to physical inactivity during leisure time: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1994. Am J Prev Med. 2000;18: 4653.
  • 8
    Winkleby MA, Kraemer HC, Ahn DK, Varady AN. Ethnic and socioeconomic differences in cardiovascular disease risk factors: findings for women from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1994. JAMA. 1998;280: 35662.
  • 9
    King GA, Fitzhugh EC, Bassett DR Jr, et al. Relationship of leisure-time physical activity and occupational activity to the prevalence of obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2001;25: 60612.
  • 10
    Gutierrez-Fisac JL, Guallar-Castillon P, Diez-Ganan L, Lopez GE, Banegas B Jr, Rodriguez AF. Work-related physical activity is not associated with body mass index and obesity. Obes Res. 2002;10: 2706.
  • 11
    Koenig W, Sund M, Doring A, Ernst E. Leisure-time physical activity but not work related physical activity is associated with decreased plasma viscosity. Circulation. 1997;95: 33546.
  • 12
    He XZ, Baker DW. Body mass index, physical activity, and the risk of decline in overall health and physical functioning in late middle age. Am J Public Health. 2004;94: 156773.
  • 13
    Brownson RC, Eyler AA, King AC, Brown DR, Shyu YL, Sallis JF. Patterns and correlates of physical activity among US women 40 years and older. Am J Public Health. 2000;90: 26470.
  • 14
    From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevalence of leisure-time and occupational physical activity among employed adults—United States, 1990. JAMA. 2000;283: 30645.
  • 15
    Technical description of the Health and Retirement Survey Sample Design. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1995. Available at: http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/studydet/techdet/ref023.html. Accessed November 23, 2003.
  • 16
    Baker DW, Sudano JJ, Albert JM, Borawski EA, Dor A. Lack of health insurance and decline in overall health in late middle age. N Engl J Med. 2001;345: 110612.
  • 17
    The 1991 Federal Poverty Guideline. Available at http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/figures-fed-reg.shtml. Accessed November 23, 2003.
  • 18
    Fillenbaum GG, Burchett BM, Welsh KA. The 20-Item Word List Test as a measure of cognitive functioning in the Health and Retirement Survey: norms and validity for White, African-American, and Hispanic respondents. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan; 1993.
  • 19
    Barengo NC, Nissinen A, Tuomilehto J, Pekkarinen H. Twenty-five-year trends in physical activity of 30-to 59-year-old populations in eastern Finland. Med Sci Sports. Exerc. 2002;34: 13027.
  • 20
    Fogelholm M, Mannisto S, Vartiainen E, Pietinen P. Determinants of energy balance and overweight in Finland 1982 and 1992. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1996;20: 1097104.
  • 21
    Norman A, Bellocco R, Vaida F, Wolk A. Age and temporal trends of total physical activity in Swedish men. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35: 61722.
  • 22
    Salmon J, Owen N, Bauman A, Schmitz MK, Booth M. Leisure-time, occupational, and household physical activity among professional, skilled, and less-skilled workers and homemakers. Prev Med. 2000;30: 1919.
  • 23
    Aadahl M, Jorgensen T. Validation of a new self-report instrument for measuring physical activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35: 1196202.
  • 24
    Booth ML, Owen N, Bauman A, Gore CJ. Relationship between a 14-day recall measures of leisure-time physical activity and a submaximal test of physical work capacity in a population sample of Australian adults. Res Q Exerc Sport. 1996;67: 2217.
  • 25
    Ainsworth BE, Haskell WL, Leon AS, et al. Compendium of physical activities: classification of energy costs of human physical activities. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993;25: 7180.
  • 26
    Sallis JF, Saelens BE. Assessment of physical activity by self-report: status, limitations, and future directions. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2000;71: S1S14.
  • 27
    Aadahl M, Jorgensen T. Validation of a new self-report instrument for measuring physical activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35: 1196202.
  • 28
    Rauh MJ, Hovell MF, Hofstetter CR, Sallis JF, Gleghorn A. Reliability and validity of self-reported physical activity in Latinos. Int J Epidemiol. 1992;21: 96671.
  • 29
    Connelly JB, Cooper JA, Meade TW. Strenuous exercise, plasma fibrinogen, and factor VII activity. Br Heart J. 1992;67: 3514.
  • 30
    Elwood PC, Yarnell JWG, Pickering J, Fehily AM, O'Brien JR. Exercise, fibrinogen, and other risk factors for ischaemic heart disease: Caerphilly Prospective Heart Disease Study. Br Heart J. 1993;69: 1837.
  • 31
    Rosengren A, Wilhelmsen L, Welin L, Tsipogianni A, Teger-Nilsson AC, Wedel H. Social influences and cardiovascular risk factors as determinants of plasma fibrinogen concentration in a general population sample of middle aged men. Br Med J. 1990;300: 6348.
  • 32
    Lee AJ, Smith WCS, Lowe GDO, Tunstall-Pedoe H. Plasma fibrinogen and coronary risk factors: the Scottish Heart Health Study. J Clin Epidemiol. 1990;43: 9139.
  • 33
    Moller L, Kristensen TS. Plasma fibrinogen and ischemic heart disease risk factors. Arterioscler Thromb. 1991;11: 34450.
  • 34
    Lakka TA, Salonen JT. Moderate to high intensity conditioning leisure time physical activity and high cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with reduced plasma fibrinogen in eastern Finnish men. J Clin Epidemiol. 1993;46: 111927.
  • 35
    Stratton JR, Chandler WL, Schwartz RS, et al. Effects of physical conditioning on fibrinolytic variables and fibrinogen in young and old healthy adults. Circulation. 1991;83: 16927.
  • 36
    Ernst E, Schmid M. Regular aerobic exercise lowers fibrinogen levels: results of a pilot study. Eur J Phys Med Rehab. 1993;3: 1968.
  • 37
    Berlin JA, Colditz GA. A meta-analysis of physical activity in the prevention of coronary heart disease. Am J Epidemiol. 1990;132: 61228.
  • 38
    Rothenbacher D, Hoffmeister A, Brenner H, Koening W. Physical activity, coronary heart disease, and inflammatory response. Arch Intern Med. 2003;163: 12005.