• 1
    KohnLT, CorriganJM, DonaldsonMS, eds. To Err is Human: Building A Safer Health System. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1999.
  • 2
    Making Health Care Safer: A Critical Analysis of Patient Safety Practices. Summary. July 2001. AHRQ Publication No. 01-E057. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.
  • 3
    Randolph AG, Cook DJ, Gonzales CA, Pribble CG. Ultrasound guidance for placement of central venous catheters: a meta-analysis of the literature. Crit Care Med. 1996;24:20538.
  • 4
    Rothschild JM. Ultrasound guidance of central vein catheterization. Making health care safer: a critical analysis of patient safety practices. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment: Number 43. AHRQ Publication No. 01-E058, July 2001: Chapter 21. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.
  • 5
    American Board of Internal Medicine. Policies and Procedures for Certification, July 2004. Philadelphia: American Board of Internal Medicine; 2004.
  • 6
    Wigton RS. A method for selecting which procedural skills should be learned by internal medicine residents. J Med Educ. 1981;56:5127.
  • 7
    Wigton RS, Blank LL, Nicolas BA, Tape TG. Procedural skills training in internal medicine residencies: a survey of program directors. Ann Intern Med. 1989;111:9328.
  • 8
    Hicks CM, Gonzales R, Morton MT, Gibbons RV, Wigton RS, Anderson RJ. Procedural experience and comfort level in internal medicine trainees. J Gen Intern Med. 2000;15:71622.
  • 9
    Huang GC, Smith CC, Gordon CE, Weingart SN. Residents' comfort performing inpatient medical procedures. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20 (Supp 1):1623.
  • 10
    Mandel JH, Rich EC, Luxenberg MG, Spilane MT, Kern DC, Parrino TA. Preparation for practice in internal medicine. A study of ten years of residency graduates. Arch Intern Med. 1988;148:8536.
  • 11
    Wigton RS, Nicolas JA, Blank LL. Procedural skills of the general internist. A survey of 2500 physicians. Ann Intern Med. 1989;111:102334.
  • 12
    Wigton RS, Alguire PC. Procedural skills of the general internist 18 y later: a re-survey of ACP members. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20:162.
  • 13
    Smith CC, Gordon CE, Feller-Kopman D, et al. Creation of an innovative inpatient medical procedure service and a method to evaluate house staff competency. J Gen Intern Med. 2004;19:5103.
  • 14
    Powers LR, Draeger SK. Using workshops to teach residents primary care procedures. Acad Med. 1992;67:7435.
  • 15
    Oxentenko AS, Ebbert JO, Ward LE, Pankratz VS, Wood KE. A multidimensional workshop using human cadavers to teach bedside procedures. Teach Learn Med. 2003;15:12730.
  • 16
    Eason MP, Goodrow MS, Gillespie JE. A device to stimulate central venous cannulation in the human patient simulator. Anesthesiology. 2003;99:12456.
  • 17
    Macnab AJ, Macnab M. Teaching pediatric procedures: the Vancouver model for instructing Seldinger's technique of central venous access via the femoral vein. Pediatrics. 1999;103:E8.
  • 18
    Bruce NC. Evaluation of procedural skills of internal medicine residents. Acad Med. 1989;64:2136.
  • 19
    Mansfield PF, Hohn DC, Fornage BD, Gregurich MA, Ota DM. Complications and failures of subclavian-vein catheterization. N Engl J Med. 1994;331:17358.
  • 20
    Sznajder JI, Zveibi FR, Bitterman H, Weiner P, Bursztein S. Central vein catheterization. Failure and complication rates by three percutaneous approaches. Arch Intern Med. 1986;146:25961.
  • 21
    Bold RJ, Wsinchester DJ, Madary AR, Gregurich MA, Mansfield PF. Prospective, randomized trial of Doppler assisted subclavian vein catheterization. Arch Surg. 1998;133:108993.
  • 22
    Rosen BT, Ng PT, Ault MJ. The proceduralist: an emerging specialty for general internists. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20:501.
  • 23
    Bailey RP, Ault M, Greengold NL, Rosendahl T, Cossman D. Ultrasonography performed by primary care residents for abdominal aortic aneurysm screening. J Gen Intern Med. 2001;16:8459.