• 1
    Brown DR, Fouad MN, Basen-Enquist K, Tortolero-Luna G. Recruitment and retention of minority women in cancer screening, prevention, and treatment trials. Ann Epidemiol. 2000;10:S13S21.
  • 2
    Curry L, Jackson JS. The science of including older ethnic and racial group participants in health-related research. Gerontologist. 2003;43:157.
  • 3
    Daunt DJ. Ethnicity and recruitment rates in clinical research studies. Appl Nurs Res. 2003;16:18995.
  • 4
    Gallagher-Thompson D, Solano N, Coon D, Arean P. Recruitment and retention of Latino dementia family caregivers. Gerontologist. 2003;43:4551.
  • 5
    Giuliano AR, Mokau N, Hughes C, et al. Participation of minorities in cancer research: the influence of structural, cultural, and linguistic factors. Ann Epidemiol. 2000;10:22S34.
  • 6
    Hodge FS, Weinmann S, Roubideaux Y. Recruitment of American Indians and Alaska Natives into clinical trials. Ann Epidemiol. 2000;10:41S8.
  • 7
    Janson SL, Alioto ME, Boushey HA. Attrition and retention of ethnically diverse subjects in a multicenter randomized controlled research trial. Contr Clin Trials. 2001;22:236S43S.
  • 8
    Levkoff S, Sanchez H. Lessons learned about minority recruitment and retention from the centers on minority aging and health promotion. Gerontologist. 2003;43:1826.
  • 9
    Meinert JA, Blehar MC, Peindl KS, Neal-Barnett A, Wisner KL. Bridging the gap: recruitment of African-American women into mental health research studies. Acad Psychiatry. 2003;27:218.
  • 10
    Moinpour CM, Atkinson JO, Thomas SM, et al. Minority recruitment in the prostate cancer prevention trial. Ann Epidemiol. 2000;10:85S91.
  • 11
    Olin JT, Dagerman KS, Fox LS, Bowers B, Schneider LS. Increasing ethnic minority participation in Alzheimer disease research. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Dis. 2002;16:825.
  • 12
    Pinto HA, McCaskill-Stevens W, Wolfe P, Marcus AC. Physician perspectives on increasing minorities in cancer clinical trials: an eastern cooperative oncology group (ECOG) initiative. Ann Epidemiol. 2000;10:78S84.
  • 13
    Seto B. History of medical ethics and perspectives on disparities in minority recruitment and involvement in health research. Am J Med Sci. 2001;322:24650.
  • 14
    Appel LJ, Vollmer WM, Obarzanek E, et al. Recruitment and baseline characteristics of participants in the dietary approaches to stop hypertension trial. J Am Diet Assoc. 1999;99:69S75.
  • 15
    Arean PA, Alviderez J, Nery R, Estes C, Linkins K. Recruitment and retention of older minorities in mental health services research. Gerontologist. 2003;43:3644.
  • 16
    Cabral DN, Napoles-Springer AM, Miike R, et al. Population and community-based recruitment of African Americans and Latinos: the San Francisco Bay area lung cancer study. Am J Epidemiol. 2003;158:2729.
  • 17
    Ford ME, Havstad SL, Tilley BC. Recruiting older African American men to cancer screening trial (the AAMEN Project). Gerontologist. 2003;43:2735.
  • 18
    Lewis CE, George V, Fouad M, Porter V, Bowen D, Urban N. Recruitment strategies in the women's health trial: feasibility study on minority populations. Contr Clin Trials. 1998;19:46176.
  • 19
    Reed PS, Foley KL, Hatch J, Mutran EJ. Recruitment of older African Americans for survey research: a process evaluation of the community and church-based strategy in the Durham elders project. Gerontologist. 2003;43:5261.
  • 20
    Ness RB, Nelson DB, Kumanyika SK, Grisso JA. Evaluating minority recruitment into clinical studies: how good are the data? Ann Epidemiol. 1997;7:4728.
  • 21
    Manson SM, Garroutte E, Goins RT, Henderson PN. Access, relevance, and control in the research process: lessons from indian country. J Aging Health. 2004;16:58s77s.
  • 22
    Roberson N. Clinical trial participation. Viewpoints from racial/ethnic groups. Cancer. 1994;74:268791.
  • 23
    Noe TD, Manson SM, Croy CD, Mc Gough H, Henderson JA, Buchwald DS. In their own voices: American Indian decisions to participate in health research. In: TrimbleJE, FisherCB, eds. Handbook of Ethical Research with Ethnocultural Populations and Communities. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage; 2005.
  • 24
    Hosmer DW, Lemeshow S. Applied Logistic Regression. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2000.
  • 25
    Stata Statistical Software: Release 8.0 [computer program]. College Station, Tx: Stata Corporation; 2003.
  • 26
    Manson SM. Editorial. Am Indian Alaska Native Ment Health Res. 1989;2:56.
  • 27
    Arean P, Gallagher-Thompson D. Issues and recommendations for the recruitment and retention of older ethnic minority adults into clinical research. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1996;64:87580.
  • 28
    Corbie-Smith G, Thomas SB, Williams MV, Moody-Ayers S. Attitudes and beliefs of African Americans toward participation in medical research. J Gen Intern Med. 1999;14:53746.
  • 29
    Norton IM, Manson SM. Research in American Indian and Alaska Native communities: navigating the cultural universe of values and process. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1996;64:85660.
  • 30
    Swanson G, Ward A. Recruiting minorities into clinical trials: toward a participant-friendly system. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1995;87:174759.
  • 31
    Shavers V, Lynch C, Burmeister L. Racial differences in factors that influence the willingness to participate in medical research studies. Ann Epidemiol. 2002;12:24856.
  • 32
    Unson C, Dunbar N, Curry L. The effects of knowledge, attitudes, and significant others on decisions to enroll in a clinical trial on osteoporosis: implications for recruitment of older African-American women. J Natl Med Assoc. 2001;93:392401.
  • 33
    Gorelick PB, Harris Y, Burnett B. The recruitment triangle: reasons why African Americans enroll, refuse to enroll, or voluntarily withdraw from a clinical trial. J Nat Med Assoc. 1998;90:1415.
  • 34
    Groves RM, Cialdini RB, Couper MP. Understanding the decision to participate in a survey. Pub Opin Q. 1992;56:47595.
  • 35
    Groves RM, Presser S, Dipko S. The role of topic interest in survey participation decisions. Pub Opin Q. 2004;68:231.
  • 36
    Groves RM, Singer E, Corning A. Leverage-saliency theory of survey participation. Pub Opin Q. 2000;64:299308.
  • 37
    Singer E, Van Hoewyk J, Neugebauer RJ. Attitudes and behavior: the impact of privacy and confidentiality concerns on participation in the 2000 Census. Pub Opin Q. 2003;67:36884.
  • 38
    Finch J. The vignette technique in survey research. Sociology. 1987;21:105114.
  • 39
    Hughes R. Considering the vignette technique and its application to a study of drug injecting and HIV risk and safer behavior. Sociol Health Illness. 1998;20:381400.