SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Medicare laws: PL 105-33; section 410 and 42 U.S.C. section 1395m.
  • 2
    Walter LC, Lindquist K, Covinsky KE. Relationship between health status and use of screening mammography and Papanicolaou smears among women older than 70 years of age. Ann Intern Med. 2004;140:6818.
  • 3
    Alexander FE, Anderson TJ, Brown HK, et al. 14 years of follow-up from the Edinburgh randomised trial of breast-cancer screening. Lancet. 1999;353:19038.
  • 4
    Andersson I, Aspegren K, Janzon L, et al. Mammographic screening and mortality from breast cancer: the Malmo mammographic screening trial. BMJ. 1988;297:9438.
  • 5
    Chu KC, Smart CR, Tarone RE. Analysis of breast cancer mortality and stage distribution by age for the Health Insurance Plan clinical trial. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1988;80:112532.
  • 6
    Frisell J, Lidbrink E, Hellstrom L, Rutqvist LE. Followup after 11 years—update of mortality results in the Stockholm mammographic screening trial. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 1997;45:26370.
  • 7
    Tabar L, Fagerberg G, Chen HH, et al. Efficacy of breast cancer screening by age. New results from the Swedish Two-County Trial. Cancer. 1995;75:250717.
  • 8
    McCarthy EP, Burns RB, Freund KM, et al. Mammography use, breast cancer stage at diagnosis, and survival among older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000;48:122633.
  • 9
    McPherson CP, Swenson KK, Lee MW. The effects of mammographic detection and comorbidity on the survival of older women with breast cancer. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002;50:10618.
  • 10
    Boer R., De Koning HJ, Van Oortmarssen GJ, Van Der Maas PJ. In search of the best upper age limit for breast cancer screening. Eur J Cancer. 1995;31A:20403.
  • 11
    Mandelblatt J, Saha S, Teutsch S, et al. The cost-effectiveness of screening mammography beyond age 65 years: a systematic review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2003;139:83542.
  • 12
    Mandelblatt JS, Wheat ME, Monane M, Moshief RD, Hollenberg JP, Tang J. Breast cancer screening for elderly women with and without comorbid conditions. A decision analysis model. Ann Intern Med. 1992;116:72230.
  • 13
    Mandelblatt JS, Schechter CB, Yabroff KR, et al. Toward optimal screening strategies for older women. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20:48796.
  • 14
    American Geriatrics Society Clinical Practice Committee. Breast cancer screening in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000;48:8424.
  • 15
    Screening for breast cancer: recommendations and rationale. Ann Intern Med. 2002;137 (5 Part 1):3446.
  • 16
    Smith RA, Saslow D, Sawyer KA, et al. American Cancer Society guidelines for breast cancer screening: update 2003. CA Cancer J Clin. 2003;53:14169.
  • 17
    Taplin SH, Ichikawa L, Yood MU, et al. Reason for late-stage breast cancer: absence of screening or detection, or breakdown in follow-up? J Natl Cancer Inst. 2004;96:151827.
  • 18
    Walter LC, Lewis CL, Barton MB. Screening for colorectal, breast, and cervical cancer in the elderly: a review of the evidence. Am J Med. 2005;118:107886.
  • 19
    Walter LC, Covinsky KE Cancer screening in elderly patients: a framework for individualized decision making. JAMA. 2001;285:27506.
  • 20
    US Census Bureau. Current Population Survey, July 2002. Washington, DC: US Census Bureau; 2002. Available at: http://www.census.gov. Accessed July 15, 2005.
  • 21
    CrabtreeF, MillerWL, eds. Doing Qualitative Research, 12. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications; 1992:12.
  • 22
    Silverman E, Woloshin S, Schwartz LM, Byram SJ, Welch HG, Fischhoff B. Women's views on breast cancer risk and screening mammography: a qualitative interview study. Med Decis Making. 2001;21:23140.
  • 23
    Lewis ML, Corcoran-Perry SA, Narayan SM, Lally RM. Women's approaches to decision making about mammography. Cancer Nurs. 1999;22:3808.
  • 24
    Nekhlyudov LD, Ross-Degnan D, Fletcher SW. Beliefs and expectations of women under 50 years old regarding screening mammography: a qualitative study. J Gen Intern Med. 2003;18:1829.
  • 25
    Salazar MK, De Moor C. An evaluation of mammography beliefs using a decision model. Health Educ Q. 1995;22:11026.
  • 26
    Degner LF, Kristjanson LJ, Bowman D. Information needs and decisional preferences in women with breast cancer. JAMA. 1997;277:148592.
  • 27
    Sox HC. Screening for disease in older people. J Gen Intern Med. 1998;13:4245.
  • 28
    Benbassat J, Pilpel D, Tidhar M. Patients' preferences for participation in clinical decision making: a review of published surveys. Behav Med. 1998;24:818.
  • 29
    Schwartz LM, Woloshin S, Fowler FJ, Welch HG. Enthusiasm for cancer screening in the United States. JAMA. 2004;291:718.
  • 30
    Adelman RD, Greene MG, Charon R. The physician-elderly patient-companion triad in the medical encounter: the development of a conceptual framework and research agenda. Gerontologist. 1987;27:72934.
  • 31
    Greene MG, Majerovitz SD, Adelman RD, Rizzo C. The effects of the presence of a third person on the physician-older patient medical interview. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994;42:4139.
  • 32
    Dalton JM. Development and testing of the theory of collaborative decision-making in nursing practice for triads. J Adv Nurs. 2003;41:2233.
  • 33
    Jerant AF, Franks P, Jackson JE, Doescher MP. Age-related disparities in cancer screening: analysis of 2001 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data. Ann Fam Med. 2004;2:4817.
  • 34
    Dunn AS, Shridharani KV, Lou W, Bernstein J, Horowitz CR. Physician-patient discussions of controversial cancer screening tests. Am J Prev Med. 2001;20:1304.
  • 35
    Wolf AM, Becker DM. Cancer screening and informed patient discussions. Truth and consequences. Arch Intern Med. 1996;156:106972.
  • 36
    Mermann AC, Gunn DB, Dickinson GE. Learning to care for the dying: a survey of medical schools and a model course. Acad Med. 1991;66:358.
  • 37
    Tulsky JA, Chesney MA, Lo B. See one, do one, teach one? House staff experience discussing do-not-resuscitate orders. Arch Intern Med. 1996;156:12859.
  • 38
    Balaban RB. A physician's guide to talking about end-of-life care. J Gen Intern Med. 2000;15:195200.
  • 39
    Von Gunten CF, Ferris FD, Emanuel LL. The patient-physician relationship. Ensuring competency in end-of-life care: communication and relational skills. JAMA. 2000;284:30517.