SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Defrances CJ, Hall MJ, Podgornik MN. 2003 National Hospital Discharge Survey. Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2005:1–20.
  • 2
    Lave JR, Lin CCJ, Fine MJ, Hughes-Cromwick P. The cost of treating patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 1999;20:18997.
  • 3
    Fine MJ, Hough LJ, Medsger AR, et al. The hospital admission decision for patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Results from the pneumonia patient outcomes research team cohort study. Arch Intern Med. 1997;157:3644.
  • 4
    Coley CM, Li YH, Medsger AR, et al. Preferences for home vs hospital care among low-risk patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Arch Intern Med. 1996;156:156571.
  • 5
    Fine MJ, Auble TE, Yealy DM, et al. A prediction rule to identify low-risk patients with community-acquired pneumonia. N Engl J Med. 1997;336:24350.
  • 6
    Yealy DM, Auble TE, Stone RA, et al. Effect of increasing the intensity of implementing pneumonia guidelines: a randomized, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 2005;143:88194.
  • 7
    Marrie TJ, Lau CY, Wheeler SL, Wong CJ, Vandervoort MK, Feagan BG. A controlled trial of a critical pathway for treatment of community-acquired pneumonia. CAPITAL study investigators. Community-acquired pneumonia intervention trial assessing Levofloxacin. JAMA. 2000;283:74955.
  • 8
    Atlas SJ, Benzer TI, Borowsky LH, et al. Safely increasing the proportion of patients with community-acquired pneumonia treated as outpatients: an interventional trial. Arch Intern Med. 1998;158:13506.
  • 9
    Marrie TJ, Huang JQ. Low-risk patients admitted with community-acquired pneumonia. Am J Med. 2005;118:135763.
  • 10
    Halm EA, Atlas SJ, Borowsky LH, et al. Understanding physician adherence with a pneumonia practice guideline: effects of patient, system, and physician factors. Arch Intern Med. 2000;160:98104.
  • 11
    Yealy DM, Auble TE, Stone RA, et al. The emergency department community-acquired pneumonia trial: methodology of a quality improvement intervention. Ann Emerg Med. 2004;43:77082.
  • 12
    Rice N. Binomial regression. In: LeylandAH, GoldsteinH, eds. Multilevel Modelling of Health Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2001:2743.
  • 13
    Browne WJ. MCMC Estimation in MLwiN, Version 2.0. London, UK: Institute of Education, University of London; 2003.
  • 14
    Bartlett JG, Dowell SF, Mandell LA, File TM Jr, Musher DM, Fine MJ. Practice guidelines for the management of community-acquired pneumonia in adults. Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;31:34782.
  • 15
    Mandell LA, Marrie TJ, Grossman RF, Chow AW, Hyland RH. Canadian guidelines for the initial management of community-acquired pneumonia: an evidence-based update by the Canadian Infectious Diseases Society and the Canadian Thoracic Society. The Canadian Community-Acquired Pneumonia Working Group. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;31:383421.
  • 16
    Mandell LA, Bartlett JG, Dowell SF, File TM Jr, Musher DM, Whitney C. Update of practice guidelines for the management of community-acquired pneumonia in immunocompetent adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;37:140533.
  • 17
    Goss CH, Rubenfeld GD, Park DR, Sherbin VL, Goodman MS, Root RK. Cost and incidence of social comorbidities in low-risk patients with community-acquired pneumonia admitted to a public hospital. Chest. 2003;124:214855.
  • 18
    Arnold FW, Ramirez JA, McDonald LC, Xia EL. Hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia: the pneumonia severity index vs clinical judgment. Chest. 2003;124:1214.
  • 19
    Marras TK, Gutierrez C, Chan CK. Applying a prediction rule to identify low-risk patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Chest. 2000;118:133943.
  • 20
    Stelianides S, Golmard JL, Carbon C, Fantin B. Influence of socioeconomic status on features and outcome of community-acquired pneumonia. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1999;18:7048.
  • 21
    Roson B, Carratala J, Dorca J, Casanova A, Manresa F, Gudiol F. Etiology, reasons for hospitalization, risk classes, and outcomes of community-acquired pneumonia in patients hospitalized on the basis of conventional admission criteria. Clin Infect Dis. 2001;33:15865.
  • 22
    Metlay JP, Fine MJ. Testing strategies in the initial management of patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Ann Intern Med. 2003;138:10918.
  • 23
    Fine MJ, Smith MA, Carson CA, et al. Prognosis and outcomes of patients with community-acquired pneumonia. A meta-analysis. JAMA. 1996;275:13441.
  • 24
    Hasley PB, Albaum MN, Li YH, et al. Do pulmonary radiographic findings at presentation predict mortality in patients with community-acquired pneumonia? Arch Intern Med. 1996;156:220612.
  • 25
    Carratala J, Fernandez-Sabe N, Ortega L, et al. Outpatient care compared with hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia: a randomized trial in low-risk patients. Ann Intern Med. 2005;142:16572.