Weight-Related Perceptions Among Patients and Physicians: How Well do Physicians Judge Patients' Motivation to Lose Weight?

Authors

  • Christie A. Befort PhD,

    1. Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA
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  • K. Allen Greiner MD, MPH,

    1. Department of Family Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA
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  • Sandra Hall PhD,

    1. Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA
    2. Center for Biostatistics and Advanced Informatics, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA
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  • Kim M. Pulvers MS,

    1. Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA
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  • Nicole L. Nollen PhD,

    1. Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA
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  • Andrea Charbonneau MD, MSc,

    1. Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA
    2. Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA
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  • Harsohena Kaur MD, MPH,

    1. Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Minneapolis, MN, USA
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  • Jasjit S. Ahluwalia MD, MPH, MS

    1. Department of Medicine and Office of Clinical Research, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
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  • No conflicts of interest to report.

Address correspondence and requests for reprints to Dr. Befort: Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Mail Stop 1008, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160 (e-mail: cbefort@kumc.edu).

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Prior studies suggest that patients and physicians have different perceptions and expectations surrounding weight; however, few studies have directly compared patients' and physicians' perspectives.

OBJECTIVES: (1) To measure the extent to which obese patients and their physicians have discrepant weight-related perceptions, and (2) to explore patient and physician characteristics that may influence patient-physician discrepancy in motivation to lose weight.

DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred and fifty-six obese patients (302 females; mean age=55.1 years; mean BMI=37.9) and their 28 primary care physicians (22 males, mean age=44.1 years) from nonmetropolitan practices completed an anonymous survey after an office visit.

MEASURES: Weight-related perceptions included perceived weight status, health impact of weight, 1-year weight loss expectations, and motivation to lose weight. Correlates included patient and physician sex, age, and BMI; physicians' reported frequency, perceived patient preference, and confidence for weight counseling; and practice characteristics (e.g., years in practice).

RESULTS: Physicians assigned patients to heavier descriptive weight categories and reported a worse health impact than patients perceived for themselves, whereas patients believed they could lose more weight and reported a higher motivation to lose weight than their physicians perceived for patients (P<.001). Physicians who believed patients preferred to discuss weight more often (P=.001) and who saw more patients per week (P=.04) were less likely to underestimate patient motivation.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients reported more optimistic weight-related perceptions and expectations than their physicians. Further research is needed to determine how these patient-physician discrepancies may influence weight loss counseling in primary care.

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