• 1
    Anderson FA Jr., Hirsh J, White K, Fitzgerald RH Jr. Temporal trends in prevention of venous thromboembolism following primary total hip or knee arthroplasty 1996–2001: findings from the Hip and Knee Registry. Chest. 2003;124:349S56S.
  • 2
    Kirwan CC, Nath E, Byrne GJ, McCollum CN. Prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism during treatment for cancer: questionnaire survey. BMJ. 2003;327:5978.
  • 3
    Bosson JL, Labarere J, Sevestre MA, et al. Deep vein thrombosis in elderly patients hospitalized in subacute care facilities: a multicenter cross-sectional study of risk factors, prophylaxis, and prevalence. Arch Intern Med. 2003;163:26138.
  • 4
    Agu O, Hamilton G, Baker D. Graduated compression stockings in the prevention of venous thromboembolism. Br J Surg. 1999;86:9921004.
  • 5
    Amaragiri SV, Lees TA. Elastic compression stockings for prevention of deep vein thrombosis (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library. Oxford: Update Software; 2001.
  • 6
    Geerts WH, Pineo GF, Heit JA, et al. Prevention of venous thromboembolism: the Seventh ACCP Conference on Antithrombotic and Thrombolytic Therapy. Chest. 2004;126:338S400S.
  • 7
    Wells PS, Lensing AW, Hirsh J. Graduated compression stockings in the prevention of postoperative venous thromboembolism. A meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med. 1994;154:6772.
  • 8
    Kierkegaard A, Norgren L. Graduated compression stockings in the prevention of deep vein thrombosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Eur Heart J. 1993;14:13658.
  • 9
    Muir KW, Watt A, Baxter G, Grosset DG, Lees KR. Randomized trial of graded compression stockings for prevention of deep-vein thrombosis after acute stroke. Q J Med. 2000;93:35964.
  • 10
    Labarere J, Bosson JL, Sevestre MA, Boge G, Terriat B. Thromboprophylaxis with graduated compression stockings for elderly inpatients: more evidence is needed. J Thromb Haemost. 2006;4:183840.
  • 11
    Sellier E, Labarere J, Bosson JL, et al. Effectiveness of a guideline for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in elderly post-acute care patients. A multicenter study with systematic ultrasound examination. Arch Intern Med 2006;166 (in press).
  • 12
    Murtaugh CM, Litke A. Transitions through postacute and long-term care settings: patterns of use and outcomes for a national cohort of elders. Med Care. 2002;40:22736.
  • 13
    Alikhan R, Cohen AT, Combe S, et al. Risk factors for venous thromboembolism in hospitalized patients with acute medical illness: analysis of the MEDENOX Study. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164:9638.
  • 14
    Smeeth L, Cook C, Thomas S, Hall AJ, Hubbard R, Vallance P. Risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism after acute infection in a community setting. Lancet. 2006;367:10759.
  • 15
    Labarere J, Bosson JL, Brion JP, et al. Validation of a clinical guideline on prevention of venous thromboembolism in medical inpatients: a before-and-after study with systematic ultrasound examination. J Intern Med. 2004;256:33848.
  • 16
    Rice N. Chapter 3: binomial regression. In: LeylandAH, GoldsteinH, eds. Multilevel Modelling of Health Statistics. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.; 2001:2743.
  • 17
    Rubin DB. Estimating causal effects from large data sets using propensity scores. Ann Intern Med. 1997;127:75763.
  • 18
    Leuven E, Sianesi B. PSMATCH2: Stata module to perform full Mahalanobis and propensity score matching, common support graphing, and covariate imbalance testing. Accessed at on October 10, 2005.
  • 19
    Rochon PA, Sykora K, Bronskill SE, et al. Use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy and dose-related outcomes in older adults with new heart failure in the community. J Gen Intern Med. 2004;19:67683.
  • 20
    Shah BR, Laupacis A, Hux JE, Austin PC. Propensity score methods gave similar results to traditional regression modeling in observational studies: a systematic review. J Clin Epidemiol. 2005;58:5509.
  • 21
    Williams AM, Davies PR, Sweetnam DI, Harper G, Pusey R, Lightowler CD. Knee-length versus thigh-length graduated compression stockings in the prevention of deep vein thrombosis. Br J Surg. 1996;83:1553.
  • 22
    Byrne B. Deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis: the effectiveness and implications of using below-knee or thigh-length graduated compression stockings. Heart Lung. 2001;30:27784.
  • 23
    Bressollette L, Nonent M, Oger E, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of compression ultrasonography for the detection of asymptomatic deep venous thrombosis in medical patients–the TADEUS project. Thromb Haemost. 2001;86:52933.
  • 24
    Kucher N, Leizorovicz A, Vaitkus PT, et al. Efficacy and safety of fixed low-dose dalteparin in preventing venous thromboembolism among obese or elderly hospitalized patients: a subgroup analysis of the PREVENT trial. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165:3415.
  • 25
    Urbankova J, Quiroz R, Kucher N, Goldhaber SZ. Intermittent pneumatic compression and deep vein thrombosis prevention. A meta-analysis in postoperative patients. Thromb Haemost. 2005;94:11815.