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Keywords:

  • Bone–marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells;
  • Decellularization;
  • Abdominal wall hernia;
  • Tissue-engineering

Abstract

Surgeons usually use synthetic polymer meshes for abdominal wall hernia repair. However, synthetic polymer meshes exhibit a lack of growth and related complications. In this study, we produced a tissue-engineered patch for abdominal hernia repair. Autologous bone–marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were isolated and proliferated in vitro; decellularized dermal scaffolds (DSs) were prepared using enzymatic process; and then BMSCs were seeded onto the DSs for the construction of tissue-engineered patches. Under general anesthesia, rabbits underwent creation of abdominal wall defects and which were repaired with BMSC-seeded DSs, acellular DSs, and skin sutures only, respectively. Animals were sacrificed after 2 months for assessing the histological and gross examination. Abdominal hernias were absent in animals repaired with cell-seeded group, and abdominal hernias or bulges appeared in all animals repaired with acellular group. All the animals that were not repaired died within 10 days. The cell-seeded implants were thicker and indicated good angiogenesis compared with that of the acellular implants, both in histological and gross examination. The tissue-engineered patches prepared with BMSCs seeding on DSs can be used for abdominal wall hernia repair.