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Table S1. Cover and frequency of vascular plant and bryophyte species in year 1 (the year after shrub removal) and year 6 in the calcareous fen at Dumdals ängar. Species are grouped in falling order according to changes in cover, showing species with significant changes first within each group. Underlined species are classified as rich fen indicators (Rydin et al. 1999; Sundberg 2006) restricted to peatlands and fen meadows of (intermediate to) high pH. Species with statistically significant effects for percent cover (or when not applicable, plot frequency) are indicated in bold. When time was significant it was interpreted as a direct or indirect shrub removal effect from years 1 to 6 (+, positive effect; −, negative effect). The presented treatment had a significantly more positive change from years 1 to 6 (G, grazed plots; GM, grazed and additionally mown plots). Rightmost, cover values from the three reference plots are shown. The cover of vascular plants, bryophytes, rich fen indicators, bare peat, plant litter, as well as species richness and Ellenberg's indicator values are presented at the bottom. Key to species abbreviations are shown for species appearing in Fig. 2.

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