Integrating Ecology and Economics for Restoration: Using Ecological Indicators in Valuation of Ecosystem Services
Article first published online: 20 APR 2012
© 2012 Society for Ecological Restoration International
Volume 20, Issue 3, pages 304–310, May 2012
How to Cite
Schultz, E. T., Johnston, R. J., Segerson, K. and Besedin, E. Y. (2012), Integrating Ecology and Economics for Restoration: Using Ecological Indicators in Valuation of Ecosystem Services. Restoration Ecology, 20: 304–310. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2011.00854.x
- Issue published online: 20 APR 2012
- Article first published online: 20 APR 2012
Additional Supporting Information may be found in the online version of this article:
Table S1. Ecological indicators in recent stated preference valuation analyses of aquatic ecosystem services. Each indicator is represented on a separate row, except where noted. Some indicator descriptions are simplified for clarity of presentation. To more fully describe each indicator, the table provides: (1) one or more welfare-relevant ecological endpoints for each indicator (see text for distinction between endpoints and indicators); (2) lower and upper limits (as lower/upper) to the range of indicator values, omitting intermediate values if any for conciseness. Each indicator is scored according to whether it meets three guidelines: measurable if field workers could unambiguously score its value (yes/no), interpretable if both baseline and reference values were clear (yes/no), and applicable if the published account reported both consultation with ecologists and focus groups as a basis for indicator development (yes/unclear). To illustrate the comprehensiveness of indicators used in a particular study, the table also provides the environmental stressors that the restoration project reported in the study was designed to ameliorate, and whether the indicator reflected a direct or indirect effect of the restoration.
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