The effects of a psychophysiological treatment (relaxation training) and a psychological treatment(stress-coping training) were tested in 29 patients suffering from migraine.There were significant pre-post reductions in migraine variables and drug consumption. The effects didnot differ between the types of training, and remained stable for a medium-term follow-up of 8 months. Wethink, however, that stress-coping training may in course of time be superior in maintaining training gains.Although this assumption cannot yet be tested for longer follow-up periods, there was a non-significanttrend for stress-coping training to be more effective in migraine 8 months after training.There were different effects on social behavior: patients receiving relaxation training became moresocially withdrawn, while patients who underwent stress-coping training increased their socialassertiveness. Furthermore, according to the participants, relaxation training had a stronger impact onmigraine, whereas stress-coping training was more directed at migraine-related stress. However, pre-postcomparisons of the patients' coping with stress for the most part did not reveal significantly differenteffects between the two types of training.