Group and Menstrual Phase Effect in Reported Headaches among College Students


  • This study was in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Arts at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.



Headache is one of many symptoms associated with menstrual phase. Three groups of college students (25 naturally menstruating women, 26 women using oral contraceptives, and 27 men) kept a daily record of each occurrence of headache for eight weeks. The rating scale data was analyzed to test for effects of group and menstrual phase. Naturally menstruating women reported more headaches than women using oral contraceptives, and in addition, women in both groups experienced variability across menstrual phase in reported headaches. Headache pain was found to rise premenstrually reaching a peak during the menstrual phase.