Biofeedback and Relaxation Training: The Effect on Headache and Associated Symptoms

Authors


Abstract

SYNOPSIS

Patients suffering with migraine and muscle contraction headaches were treated with EMG and thermal biofeedback and relaxation training. Three groups were formed: Patients whose last contact with the practice was 3–12, 13–24, or 25 or more months prior to the follow-up study. Each group included patients who never attended biofeedback, who attended one session, two to six sessions, or seven or more sessions of biofeedback. A telephone questionnaire revealed that 86% of patients who attended seven or more sessions of biofeedback maintained a 75–100% reduction in headache frequency through time (25 or more months). Of these patients, 65.5% reported a reduction in associated symptoms. Only 31% of patients who never attended biofeedback reported a reduction in headache frequency. Only 16.3% of patients who never attended biofeedback reported a reduction in associated symptoms. The combination of biofeedback and relaxation training clearly results in a reduction of both headache experience as well as in associated symptoms.

Ancillary