The purpose of this study was to examine the possible association of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders relative to headache. Fifty-six sequential patients referred to the Headache Institute of Minnesota for evaluation and treatment of migraine and tension headaches were examined for signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders. The results of the examination of headache patients were compared to patients suffering from myofascial pain dysfunction and/or TMJ internal derangements from the TMJ and Craniofacial Pain Clinic at the University of Minnesota. Finally the migraine and tension headache patients were compared to each other and an asymptomatic population.
Results indicate that patients with temporomandibular disorders exhibit significantly more jaw dysfunction and pericranial muscle tenderness than migraine and tension headache patients. Migraine and tension headache patients were found to have similar amounts of pericranial muscle tenderness. Migraine and tension headache patients exhibited significantly more pericranial and neck muscle tenderness than a general population.