Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension: Headache With a Reversible Arnold-Chiari Malformation

Authors


Dr. Scott E. Kasner, Department of Neurology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104.

Abstract

Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is characterized by severe postural headache in the setting of low CSF pressure, usually attributed to a cryptic CSF leak. We report a patient whose prolonged refractory headache was characterized by the clinical symptoms of occipital neuralgia, but was also associated with the radiographic appearance of an Arnold-Chiari malformation, type I and low CSF pressure. After extensive diagnostic evaluation, CT cisternomyelography ultimately demonstrated a CSF leak at the C2 vertebral level. Symptomatic relief was sustained only with long-term theophylline administration. The apparent Arnold-Chiari malformation resolved with treatment of the low CSF pressure.

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