From the Department of Neurosciences, Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, WI.
Thomas Jefferson's Headaches: Were They Migraines?
Article first published online: 26 JAN 2006
Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain
Volume 46, Issue 3, pages 492–497, March 2006
How to Cite
Cohen, G. L. and Rolak, L. A. (2006), Thomas Jefferson's Headaches: Were They Migraines?. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 46: 492–497. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2006.00292.x
- Issue published online: 26 JAN 2006
- Article first published online: 26 JAN 2006
- Accepted for publication April 19, 2005.
- Thomas Jefferson;
Thomas Jefferson had severe headaches on a number of occasions during his adult life, as noted by most of his biographers. Some occurred during important historical events, including the period just before the writing of the Declaration of Independence. Historians generally have considered these headaches to be migraines, while some physician authors have considered the alternative diagnoses of tension-type headaches and cluster headaches. A review of the literature, including Jefferson's many letters, suggests that they probably were migraines, although not all of the current diagnostic criteria can be met.