From the Department of Pediatric Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey (Dr. Turkdogan); Department of Neurology, Kartal State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey (Drs. Cagirici, Bilge, and Turk); Faculty of Health Education, Marmara University Istanbul, Turkey (Ms. Soylemez and Sur).
Characteristic and Overlapping Features of Migraine and Tension-Type Headache
Article first published online: 21 MAR 2006
Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain
Volume 46, Issue 3, pages 461–468, March 2006
How to Cite
Turkdogan, D., Cagirici, S., Soylemez, D., Sur, H., Bilge, C. and Turk, U. (2006), Characteristic and Overlapping Features of Migraine and Tension-Type Headache. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 46: 461–468. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2006.00377.x
- Issue published online: 21 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 21 MAR 2006
- Accepted for publication September 8, 2005.
- pediatric headache;
- tension-type headache;
- overlapping symptoms
Objective.—This epidemiological survey was conducted to investigate comprehensive characteristic and overlapping features of migraine and tension-type headache (TTH) disorders classified based on International Classification of Headache Disorders-II.
Methods.—The stratified cohort of this study was composed of 2504 schoolchildren aged 10 to 17 years. A 38-item questionnaire inquiring all characteristic features of primary headache syndromes mandatory for classification was applied to selected 483 children with recurrent headache in the last 6 months.
Results.—Migraine was diagnosed in 227 (47.0%) of 483 children and TTH in 154 (31.9%). Out of 125 children with definite migraine, 73 (58.4%) reported tension-type symptoms and 94 (68.1%) of 138 children with definite TTH reported migraine-type symptoms. Pressing pain (21%) and lack of aggravation of pain by physical activity (34%) were the major tension-type features in patients with migraine. Throbbing quality (43%) and aggravation by physical activity (30%) determined the main migraine-type features in patients with TTH.
Conclusion.—The frequent co-occurrence of migraine and TTH symptoms suggests the presence of a common pathogenesis.