• headache;
  • circadian rhythm;
  • seasonality;
  • chronobiology

Object.—To investigate the rhythmicity of migraine episodes without aura in a pediatric population.

Methods.—Time of occurrence of 2517 migraine attacks in 115 children was recorded, by means of a diary, both by hourly and monthly intervals.

Results.—A significant circadian variation, characterized by a peak in the afternoon (P < .001) and one in the early morning (P= .002) was found. A seasonal peak was also observed between November and January, while a nadir was observed in July.

Conclusions.—The clustering of attacks in the morning and midday and in autumn-winter, with a minimum frequency in July, suggests that school activities may represent an important cause of migraine.