Post-Dural Puncture Headache: Part I Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Etiology, and Pathophysiology

Authors


  • Conflict of Interest: Dr. Lipton receives research support from the NIH (PO1 AG03949 [Program Director], PO1AG027734 [Project Leader], RO1AG025119 [Investigator], K23AG030857 [Mentor], K23NS05140901A1 [Mentor], and K23NS47256 [Mentor]), the National Headache Foundation, and the Migraine Research Fund; serves on the editorial boards of Neurology and Cephalalgia and as senior advisor to Headache, has reviewed for the NIA and NINDS, holds stock options in Neuralieve Inc. and Minster Inc; serves as consultant for Advanced Bionics, Allergan, Inc., Boehringer-Ingelheim, Endo, Glaxo Smith Kline, Kowa, Minster, Merck, Neuralieve, and Pfizer and received honoraria from Allergan, Inc, Glaxo Smith Kline, and Merck, Inc. Other authors: no disclosures.

Richard B. Lipton, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Louis and Dora Rousso Building, 1165 Morris Park Avenue Room: 332, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.

Abstract

(Headache 2010;50:1144-1152)

Post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) is a frequent complication of dural puncture whether performed for diagnostic purposes or accidentally, as a complication of anesthesia. Because both procedures are common, clinicians interested in headache should be familiar with this entity. The differential diagnosis of PDPH is broad and includes other complications of dural puncture as well as headaches attributable to the condition which lead to the procedure. The patterns of development of PDPH depend on a number of procedure- and nonprocedure-related risk factors. Knowledge of procedure-related factors supports interventions designed to reduce the incidence of PDPH. Finally, despite best preventive efforts, PDPH may still occur and be associated with significant morbidity. Therefore, it is important to know the management and prognosis of this disorder. In this review, we will highlight diagnosis and clinical characteristics of PDPH, differential diagnosis, frequency, and risk factors as well as pathophysiology of PDPH.

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