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Nighttime Blood Pressure in Cluster Headache

Authors

  • Sonia Santos Lasaosa MD,

    Corresponding author
    1. From the Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital “Lozano Blesa,” Zaragoza, Spain (S. Santos Lasaosa, A. Velázquez Benito, and C. Pérez Lázaro); Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical University Hospital “Lozano Blesa,” Zaragoza, Spain (J. Navarro Calzada).
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  • Jorge Navarro Calzada MD,

    1. From the Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital “Lozano Blesa,” Zaragoza, Spain (S. Santos Lasaosa, A. Velázquez Benito, and C. Pérez Lázaro); Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical University Hospital “Lozano Blesa,” Zaragoza, Spain (J. Navarro Calzada).
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  • Alba Velázquez Benito MD,

    1. From the Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital “Lozano Blesa,” Zaragoza, Spain (S. Santos Lasaosa, A. Velázquez Benito, and C. Pérez Lázaro); Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical University Hospital “Lozano Blesa,” Zaragoza, Spain (J. Navarro Calzada).
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  • Cristina Pérez Lázaro MD

    1. From the Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital “Lozano Blesa,” Zaragoza, Spain (S. Santos Lasaosa, A. Velázquez Benito, and C. Pérez Lázaro); Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical University Hospital “Lozano Blesa,” Zaragoza, Spain (J. Navarro Calzada).
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  • Conflict of Interest: None

S. Santos Lasaosa, Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital “Lozano Blesa,” San Juan Bosco 15, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain, email: ssantosl@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background.— It has been proposed that desaturation of oxygen during an apnea event is the trigger for cluster headache. Obstructive sleep apnea has been associated with a higher than normal cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Some obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients lack the sleep-related, nocturnal decrease, or “dip” in blood pressure, which is seen in normal individuals.

Objective.— The aim of this study is to assess whether this non-dipper pattern is present in cluster headache patients.

Design and Methods.— A total of 30 normotensive cluster headache patients underwent an ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. “Non dippers” were defined as patients with a nighttime mean blood pressure fall <10%.

Results.— Fifteen cluster headache patients (50%) were non-dippers, a frequency higher than expected. The pattern of nocturnal non-dipping is associated with a higher body mass index. Non-dipper patients displayed higher mean nighttime systolic and diastolic blood pressure. No significant difference was observed in the mean 24-hour and daytime blood pressure.

Conclusions.— The high incidence (50%) of non-dipper pattern in both processes, cluster headache and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, provides support for the hypothesis of a relationship between theses 2 disorders.

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