Conflict of Interest Statement: None declared
Headaches and Academic Performance in University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study
Version of Record online: 14 NOV 2011
© 2011 American Headache Society
Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain
Volume 51, Issue 10, pages 1493–1502, November/December 2011
How to Cite
Souza-e-Silva, H. R. and Rocha-Filho, P. A. S. (2011), Headaches and Academic Performance in University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 51: 1493–1502. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2011.02012.x
- Issue online: 14 NOV 2011
- Version of Record online: 14 NOV 2011
- Accepted for publication June 11, 2011.
- educational measurement;
- study performance;
Objectives.— To estimate the 1-year prevalence of headache, its repercussion and its association with the academic performance of university students.
Methods.— Cross-sectional study. Three hundred eighty students were randomly selected out of the 1718, 90.5% of them were interviewed. A semi-structured interview, the Headache Impact Test (HIT-6) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used. The variables related to academic performance: absenteeism, performance coefficient and number of failures in disciplines, were obtained by consulting the academic records.
Results.— Three hundred forty-four students were interviewed. The headache prevalence was 87.2%. Migraine prevalence was 48.5%. Tension-type headache prevalence was 42.4%. During the 3 months prior to the interview, 8.7% sought emergency services, 30.8% missed class, and 30.8% had a reduction in their productive capacity because of headache. HIT-6: substantial/severe impact = 49%. Multiple linear regressions have shown that serious/very serious-impact headaches are significantly related to greater number of discipline failure and absenteeism. There was no association between student grades and headaches.
Conclusion.— A high prevalence of headache in the studied population was verified. A high headache impact on a student's life was associated with worse academic performance.