Get access

Temporomandibular Disorders, Facial Pain, and Headaches


  • Steven D. Bender DDS, FAHS

    Corresponding author
    1. From the North Texas Center for Head, Face and TMJ Pain, Plano, TX, USA; Texas A&M University Health Science Center Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, TX, USA.
    Search for more papers by this author

  • Conflicts of Interest: None

S.D. Bender, North Texas Center for Head, Face and TMJ Pain, 5068 W Plano Pkwy Ste. 100, Plano, TX 75093, USA, email:


Headaches and facial pain are common in the general population. In many cases, facial pain can be resultant from temporomandibular joint disorders. Studies have identified an association between headaches and temporomandibular joint disorders suggesting the possibility of shared pathophysiologic mechanisms of these 2 maladies. The aim of this paper is to elucidate potential commonalities of these disorders and to provide a brief overview of an examination protocol that may benefit the headache clinician in daily practice.