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Keywords:

  • Race/Ethnicity;
  • Analgesia;
  • Emergency Department

ABSTRACT

Objective.  To determine whether race or ethnicity affect baseline description of pain by patients with suspected long-bone fracture.

Design.  Secondary analysis of data from an observational study of patients age 18–55 in two urban emergency departments.

Outcome Measures.  Patients rated their pain using an 11-point scale, where 0 represents no pain, and 10 represents the worst possible pain.

Results.  Of 838 patients, 49% were Hispanic, 29% African American, and 22% White. Mean baseline pain scores were, respectively, 8.2, 8.1, and 7.7. In multivariate analysis, pair-wise comparisons showed no significant differences in pain self-report.

Conclusions.  Ethnoracial oligoanalgesia cannot be explained by differences in baseline pain severity.